A period were a problem is put aside for some time, which facilitates reaching the solution.
Inflexible focusing on the central function of an object which prevents one from seeing alternative possibilities for its use.
Premature cognitive commitment
Commitment to a specific dimension or perspective of an object, created on first encounter
A problem with a simple solution which is hard to reach.
Naming the color of a word takes longer when the name of a color is printed in a color not denoted by the name than when the color of the ink matches the name of the color.
The 10 years rule
The most accomplished people need around ten years of "deliberate practice" before becoming world-class experts
A theory that attempts to explain how responses change from being conscious to automatic. With practice, previously successful responses are retrieved instantly from memory, rather than having to be constructed on an algorithm.
The whole is greater than the sum of the parts"
Thinking is organized in logic patterns
New information is coded into patterns
Involving re-use of previous experience
Involving a novel restructuring of the problem
Informal, intuitive, speculative strategies that sometimes lead to an effective solution and sometimes do not