Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Essential nutrients are those which must be provided in the diet because they cannot be made by the body in sufficient quantities, or not at all.

True

There is no single food for adults and children that contains all the essential nutrients.

True

Lifestyle behaviors exert a stronger influence on overall health and longevity than do genetic traits.

True

Goals to improve the diet of all U.S. citizens include:

nutrition education at more schools
reduced consumption of fat and saturated fat
increased intake of plant foods

National goals to achieve dietary change in the American population are summarized in Healthy People 2010: objectives for the Nation.

True

All of the following would be recommended to someone trying to adopt a healthier lifestyle EXCEPT:

Eat less refined sugar.
Eat more whole grains.
Eat a salad with a variety of vegetables at each meal.

People believe nutrition nonsense and buy fraudulent nutrition products because:

laws that govern truth in advertising are often not enforced.
there are often few or no solutions in orthodox health care.
many people tend to believe what they see in print.

The "Serving Size" on the nutrition facts panel for fruit juice will always be the same, even though the brand may differ.

True

Too much sugar in the diets of young and elementary school age children has been clearly shown to cause hyperactivity

False

Attempts at dietary improvement often fail because the changes made are too extreme to be long-lasting and/or too many changes are attempted at once.

True

Water is mostly reabsorbed in the large intestine.

True

Carbohydrates, proteins and fats are known as the energy nutrients.

True

Check all that apply. Fiber intake is recommended:

to prevent constipation and hemorrhoids
accompanied by plenty of fluids (8-12 cups a day)

Bile is produced by the ______ and stored in the ___ until it is released into the small intestine.

liver; gall bladder

Proteins that act to speed up body processes, but are not changed in the process, are called:

enzyes

What is chyme?

mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices

Which physiological trigger(s) will result in the sensation of hunger?

low glucose levels

The ___ is most responsible for prompting individuals to seek food.

hypothalamus

What is the term that best describes the process in which nutrients pass through the wall of the gastrointestinal tract?

absorption

Satiation is the sensation of feeling hunger.

False

Fiber can be found in plant and animal food.

False

Simple sugars are only found in processed foods.

False

The body's storage form of glucose is:

glycogen

Check all that apply. Which of the following statement(s) about sugar is/are true?

Sugar contributes to tooth decay.

When wheat is refined:

most of the fiber is removed
the bran and germ are removed

Approximately 30 -35% ot total calories in the diet should come from carbohydrates, particularly starches.

False

Check all that apply. Increasing dietary fiber:

should be done gradually
should be accompanied by a lot of fluids
can cause gas and discomfort until intestinal bacteria adjust to higher intakes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and is the reason for what is termed the diabetes epidemic.

True

Diet and exercise are the primary factors in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

True

Prediabetes is usually due to a condition known as metabolic syndrome.

True

A teaspoon of margarine has less fat than a teaspoon of butter.

False

Hydrogenated vegetable oils contain more saturated fat than the original oil.

True

Check all that apply about cholesterol.

is found only in animal products
is found in every cell in the body
is made by the liver

Check all that apply about unsaturated fats.

are usually liquid at room temperature
are found mostly in plant foods
may be monounsaturated or polyunsaturated

Check any and all that apply about dietary fats.

Fat is a component of all cell membranes.

Fats are a subcategory of fat-soluble substances chemically known as:

lipids

It is clearly established that diets high in saturated fat and trans fat are a major risk factor heart disease.

True

African Americans are less likely to die from heart disease than are Caucasian Americans.

False

Although heart disease may begin during childhood, the age group most affected by it is:

adults over 55 years old

The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for fat is ____ of total energy intake

20-35%

A high-protein diet generally corresponds to a diet that is too high in:

fat

How many amino acids are considered to be essential?

9

Which of these foods is not a good source of protein?

orange

Which of the following plant sources of protein is considered a complete protein for adults?

soybeans

In what structure of the mammalian cell are proteins synthesized?

ribosome

Unlike other macronutrients, protein molecules contain the element nitrogen.

True

Antibodies are proteins that catalyze chemical reactions without being physcially altered.

False

In properly nourished individuals, protein contributes minimally to energy needs.

True

Diets high in protein are associated with low blood cholesterol levels.

False

The essential amino acid found in shortest supply or missing from the amino acid pool is called a limiting amino acid.

True

Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble.

True

Vitamins give you energy.

False

Vitamins E, C, and beta-carotene function as antioxidants.

True

It is too difficult for people to get all the vitamins they need from food,so supplements should be taken.

False

Blindness can be the result of a prolonged deficiency of vitamin A.

True

Vitamin K is important for blood clotting.

True

Choose all that apply. The fat-soluble vitamins include:

A,D,E,K

Excellent sources of vitamin C include red and green peppers.

True

Frying decreases the amount of vitamin E in vegetable oil.

True

Beta-carotene is a provitamin, or precursor, to vitamin A.

True

Iron-deficiency anemia in children is related to lasting retardation in mental development.

True

Goiter is a highly visible sign of an iodine deficiency.

True

An easy way to tell if a food is high in sodium is whether it tastes salty.

False

Most bottled waters do not contain Fluoride.

True

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body.

True

Peak bone density is the point at which our bones are the most dense.

True

Which of the following increases the absorption rate of calcium?

Vitamin D

Check all that apply. Women tend to consume too little calcium because of which of the following reasons?

They may be lactose intolerant.
They think only children need milk.
They are afraid dairy is "fattening."
They drink soft drinks instead of milk.

Check all that apply. Which of the following are not considered risk factors for osteoporosis?

physical inactivity
being a smoker
Caucasian or Asian heritage
being a male
inadequate vitamin D intake

Most of the body's iron supply is found in:

hemoglobin

Water is an essential nutrient.

True

Drinking alcohol increases water losses.

True

Inadequate fluid intake can lead to dehydration.

True

Lean tissue contains a greater percentage of fluid compared with fat tissue.

True

Drinking 8 glasses of fluid each day ensures that all healthy adults will meet their fluid needs.

False

What mineral is mainly provided by our municipal drinking water?

Fluoride

All of the following are signs of adequate hydration status EXCEPT:

dark yellow urine

Women may experience the intoxicating effects of alcohol from lower amounts of alcohol than men.

True

Which of the following alcoholic beverages has the least alcohol?

12 o.z light beer

Check any and all that apply. Alcohol abuse can lead to deficiencies of nutrients because:

Alcohol accounts for about 50% of the daily caloric intake in heavy drinkers.
A heavy drinker's diet often provides too little thiamin and vitamins A and C.
Alcohol is an "empty-calorie" food.
Alcohol in excess is directly toxic to body tissues.

Satiety, an internal cue to stop eating, can be overridden by appetite, the desire for a specific food.

True

High-fat foods provide more calories per ounce than foods that contain primarily carbohydrate.

True

Hunger is a pleasant sensation that is aroused by thoughts of the taste and enjoyment of food.

False

Check any and all that apply. Which of the following activities is a function of basal metabolism?

digestion of food
tissue repair
growth
urine production
body temperature

Check any and all that apply. Which of the following foods contain calories?

foods you sample while cooking
cookie pieces
celery
foods you grab quickly

When calories consumed equals calories expended, resulting in a stable weight, this is termed:

energy balance

Approximately 50% of obese children will become obese adults.
Question options:
True

True

The majority of obese people have a depressed basal metabolic rate.

False

As we grow older there is nothing we can do to slow the loss of lean body mass.

False

Pear-shaped fat patterning is more common in women than in men.

True

Physical fitness is measured by the body's strength and endurance only.

False

Regular physical activity benefits both physical and psychological health in people of all ages.

True

Maximal heart rate is determined by subtracting your age from 220.

True

Muscle strength can be achieved with resistance training.

True

The only effective aerobic exercise is jogging.

False

Nutrition has important effects on physical performance.

True

Heat exhaustion is more likely to occur when exercising in cold weather.

False

To achieve cardiorespiratory fitness it is recommended that training should occur _____.

3-5 days a week

Which of the following individuals should have a medical evaluation prior to beginning an exercise regimen?

Betty, a 55-year-old woman who is healthy but inactive
Jack, a 65-year-old man with diabetes
Frank, a 45-year-old man who is healthy but inactive

Regular physical activity can increase HDL-cholesterol.

True

In order to establish good eating habits in children, they should be denied cakes, candies, cookies, potato chips and other sweet/fattening foods until they have reached elementary school age.

False

Irritability in children may indicate hunger.

True

Children should drink milk to help them obtain enough calcium in their diet.

True

Rates of overweight in children and adolescents in the U.S. have tripled since the 1960's.

True

Check any and all that apply. During the growing years of childhood:

Physical activity and food preferences are established
Children develop responsiveness to internal feeding cues, if they are allowed to control how much they eat.
Eating habits that may affect the development of diseases in later life are established

Check any and all that apply. Which of the following affects food likes and dislikes?

which foods are offered
how frequently particular foods are offered
the way a food is offered
forcing a child to eat a food

Which of the following is/are NOT characteristic of an "obesigenic" environment for children?

increased opportunities for physical activity

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutrient deficiency in young children.

True

Physical inactivity is more common in girls than boys.

True

Girls gain more body fat through adolescence than boys.

True

Most food borne illnesses are linked to meats, eggs, shellfish, and unpasteurized milk.

True

Food borne illnesses cannot be transmitted by fruits and vegetables.

False

Salmonella infections can be transmitted via contaminated undercooked eggs.

True

Check any and all that apply. Foodborne illnesses can often be traced to:

cross-contamination
unsanitary conditions
improper food handling techniques
an infected employee in a food service establishment

Check any and all that apply. Which of the following are good ideas when sanitizing your hands?

scrub under your fingernails
use a paper towel to dry them

Check any and all that apply. Which of the following practices will help prevent foodborne illnesses?

Don't keep perishable foods at room temperature for more than an hour.
Wash hands with soap and water prior to preparing foods.
Thaw foods on the refrigerator, not on the counter.
Freeze or refrigerate leftovers promptly.

Which agency monitors all confirmed cases of food-borne illness?

CDC

Hepatitus-A is a food borne illness that can result in _____ damage.

liver

Choose any and all that apply. Which of the following is responsible for food spoilage?

light
heat
oxygen

90% of all food allergies are due to the ______ found in foods.

proteins

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set