Story Map/ Plot Diagram
A graphic organizer to identify the following: exposition (characters and setting), conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution, theme, author, title, and genre
the Characters and Setting of a story
The protagonist, antagonist, main characters, supporting characters, dynamic and static characters...
The Time and Place of a story
Person vs. Person
Person vs. Group
Person vs. Nature
Person vs. Fate
Person vs. Self
The elements of action in sequence beginning in the exposition and rising to the climax
The highest point of action in the story--often involving the main conflict betweent the protagonist and the antagonist
The elements of action in sequence beginning in the climax and falling to the resolution
The tying up of the loose ends of the plot; the end of the story
The author's purpose for the narrative...
The writer of the story or text
The name of the story or text
The style of the story or text
fiction, nonfiction, science fiction, fantasy, mythology, folktale, fable, poetry, biography, autobiography, information text, etc.
A type of figurative language where two unlike things are compared; one "is" the other
She is a rock
A type of figurative language where two unlike things are compared using the words "like" or "as"
She is like a cheetah; Her face was as red as an apple
A type of literary technique where the initial (first) sounds in a word are repeated
She sells sea shells sometimes on Saturdays...
A type of literary technique which is used to identify a particular person, place, or thing by giving clues about the nature of that item
Big and green, this lady stands tall to welcome all...(Statue of Liberty)
Exaggeration / Hyperbole
A type of figurative language that is an extreme stretching of the truth...
Exaggeration / Hyperbole
He ate a mountain of mashed potatos
A type of figurative language that cannot be taken literally...word for word
It's raining cats and dogs...
A type of literary technique where words represent the sounds they make
Bang, pow, snap, crackle, etc.
A type of figurative language where a non-human item is described as having human abilities or traits
The lawn chair danced across the yard in the hurricane
A type of literary technique where words or phrases are repeated
row, row, row your boat
gently down the stream...
merrily, merrily, merrily
Life is but a dream...
A type of literary technique where words share a common ending sound
The big fat cat sat on my hat...
A type of literary technique that emphasizes the "sound" of the words to create a pattern; it is often used in conjunction with rhyme
Roses are red
Violets are blue
I like rhythm
and so do you!
A recognizable pattern of rhyme in text
(A) The once was a Bear
(A) it was covered in Hair
(B) It was never sad
(B) it would ofen be mad
What a piece of text is about
A guess that uses information from the text as well as prior knowledge
Any type of figure of speech that is used to add "color" or style to the text: similes, metaphors, hyperbole, personification, and idioms.
Any type of text that attempts to convince using opinion that is supported by facts
A statement that can be proven to be true
A statement based upon a feeling and not fact
A story that was once believed to be true; often about creation or heroes
A story that explains how the world / Cosmos was created, or how some part fo the cosmos was formed; common elements: Chaos, How it all began, Creators, Cosmos, and People
Everything that is part of the universe; the sky above; the earth below
A myth about a hero; it contains the following: an origin, a Gift/Ability/Purpose from the gods, a journey, a challenge, a resolution
A character who is greater in many ways, but also possesses a weakness that usually leads to their downfall...
A lesson about life that comes at the end of a fable
God / Goddess / Deity
A mythical being that can create the cosmos or shape the cosmos to their will
A person who will eventually grow old and die
A mythical being that can live forever
A hero who has one parent that is immortal and one that is mortal
The nothingness before creation; the Egyptians thought it was a vast, endless ocean
The God, Goddess, or Deity that creates some part of the cosmos in a myth
A Family of Gods
A Pantheon descended from the Titans that was worshipped in ancient Greece
A Pantheon of Giant Gods who were the parents of the Olympians; they were the children of Mother Earth and Father Sky
The sentence in an introductory paragraph that best states what the overall text / essay will be about
The sentence that best states what a paragraph will be about
A sentence in a paragraph that gives additional details and / or supports a thesis or topic sentence
Clincher (conclusion) Sentence
A final sentence--at the end of the text--which ends the text / essay
A sentence--at the beginning of the text--used to grab the reader's attention
The first paragraph in an essay
The supporting paragraphs in an essay
The final / last paragraph in an essay
A piece of text with a Topic Sentence, Supporting Sentences, and a Clincher (conclusion) sentence
A division within and act; usually during a change of location
Division of a play; a part—similar to a chapter in a novel; it is usually made up of several scenes
Examples: Act I...Act II...Act III...The Final Act etc.
Suspension of Disbelief
When the audience goes to see a play, watches a teleplay (scripted television show), or goes to a movie, they have to "pretend" and/or accept that what's happening is real—even though they really know it is a staged performance
A description—of a character of setting—or direction—to indicate stage actions/business—provided in the text of the script; usually indicated with italics of parentheses; it can indicate where a scene takes place, what the character is supposed to do, or how the character should speak their lines.
A genre; a drama where the hero wins; often funny or happy; in the Greek sense, a play that does not end in death of the protagonist (hero) or another main character
A genre; A drama where the hero loses; often is sad; in the Greek sense, a play that ends with the death of the protagonist (hero) or one of the other main characters
-A tragic protagonist is said to have "hamartia"—a tragic flaw
-Hubris—overwhelming pride or insolence resulting in calamitous misfortune for the character—is a form of hamartia—the character attempts to rise above mortal limitations, or ignores divine (godly) warnings
A genre; a literary art form that recreates human life and emotions; uses dialogue; there are several types: plays (stage), teleplays (television), screenplays (movies); some of the earliest drams written for the express purpose of being performed in front of an audience were created by the Greeks. Many modern drama terms derive from these Greek origins.
Scenery and/or other props used to set each scene in each act of the play or screenplay
Transition Word/Transition Phrase
A word or phrase (group of words) used to move from one idea to the next, one sentence to the next, or one paragraph to the next.
From the Latin--Deus or god--it is a synonym for god or goddess.
An idea from mythology that the world and cosmos was created by the cracking open of an enormous egg.
An idea from mythology that the world is created by the enormous magical energy from a snake, serpent, or dragon-like creature.
One of the three Gorgon sisters, she was cursed by Aphrodite to be the most hideous creature in existence. One look at her scaly skin, sunken eyes, bulging tongue, tusks, razor sharp claws, and snakes for hair will turn you into stone.
Also known as "Hercules" to the Romans, he was the strongest man on earth and the ultimate hero. His name means "glory of Hera" because he performed labors which added to his greatness.
A Titan (giant god) whose name means "forethought." He was in charge of helping his brother to create all living things in the Greek cosmos. Prometheus took his time and thought before acting. He created man in his image, but had no suitable gift. So Prometheus went to Mount Olympus and stole fire and gave it to man. He was punished for his gift by Zeus.
A Titan (giant god) whose name means "after thought." He was charged with helping his twin brother Prometheus to create all the living things in the Greek Cosmos. Epimetheus acted without thinking, created all the animals, gave away all of the gifts, leaving none for Prometheus and his creation man. Epimetheus was also married to Pandora, the first woman.
A modern interpretation of the classical hero of mythology archetypes including heroes with the following: great strength but also rage (Heracles/Hulk), great cunning, intelligence, and physical prowess (Odysseus/Batman), the fastest runner (Atalanta/the Flash), mostly invulnerable and undefeatable but for a simple weakness (Achilles/Superman), etc.