Stories passed down from generation to generation by mouth.
emphasized the unity of Africans and people of African descent around the world.
Africa is called this because the Europeans knew so little about it.
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing.
City on the Niger River in Mali.
Founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp around 1000 ad. During the Mali empire, it became a wealthy terminus of the trans-Saharan trade route and a center of Islamic learning.
movement of people from rural areas to cities.
W.E.B. Du Bois
fought for African American rights -- founded a movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later became the NAACP.
white man's burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized.
A group of Zulu's in South Africa who were taken over by the Dutch. They fought against the Dutch in the 1st Boer War. The British fought against the Dutch in the 2nd Boer War.
a deceptive outward appearance; a misrepresentation.
Virus that destroys the immune system. The disease is passed from person to person through body fluids. Examples: sexual acts, blood transfusions, used hypodermic needles, or during child birth.
Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Cacausus Mountains, between 1500 and 1000 BC--they greatly affected Indian society.
The grandson of Chandragupta who also was a leader of the Mauryan Empire. He converted to Buddhism from Hinduism, and tolerated other religions in his Empire. He played a role in the spread of Buddhism.
a world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha)-- a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desires.
a rigid social structure in which social classes are determined by heredity--determines a person's career and economic future.
civil service system
method of hiring government employees based on merit rather than on political beliefs or allegiances.
Duty and respect for parents.
in India; sacred to Hindus-- used for spiritual cleansing, funeral ceremonies and other rituals.
a region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent; India and Pakistan dispute control over it.
a war between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea (1950-1953). The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Mao Zedong (or Mao Tse Tung)
a Chinese Communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, and leader of the Chinese Revolution. He founded the People's Republic of China.
Indian protest leader in the early 1900's who used passive resistance and nonviolence to overthrow British rule of India.
a seasonal wind in southern Asia.
the act of dividing something up into parts (example: Pakistan and India)
an ancient written language from India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism).
A beautiful tomb in India, built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan for his wife.
a group of many islands in a large body of water.
Aung Sang Suu Ky
Burma's democracy leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner, who symbolizes Burma's struggle to be free.
growth to a global or worldwide scale.
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it.
freedom from being ruled by someone else.
willingness to let others practice their own beliefs.
adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture.
Leader of the Zulu people--around 1816 used highly trained warriors to create a large centralized state. Zulu land came under British control in 1887.
One of the two types of rule used by Colonialists in Africa---the colonial leader keeps the local leader in place, but controls him.