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Easy Grammar Grade 3 and 4

Noun

is a person, place or thing or idea

Common Noun

does not name a specific person, place, thing or idea

Concrete Noun

Most nouns are concrete., A thing that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, or tasted

Singular Noun

names one person, place, thing, or idea. (Means one)

Plural Noun

names more than one person, place, thing, or idea

Possessive Noun

names who or what owns or has something

Proper Noun

names a specific person, place, thing, or idea

Preposition

the relationship (time, location and direction) of a noun or pronoun to another word

Parts of Speech

adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, interjections, nouns, pronouns, prepositions, verbs

Adjective

Describes a noun or a pronoun. It answers what kind? which one? how much? how many? (describing words)

A prepositional phrase

starts with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. To make it easy, let's say that a prepositional phrase usually ends with something you can see.

A phrase

is a group of words

Object of a preposition

is the last word in a prepositional phrase.

Subject of a sentence

is who or what a sentence is about.

Verb

describes action or state of being (says a fact). It is what happens (or happened) or what is (or was) in a sentence.

Compound subject

sometimes a sentence is talking about tow or more people or things

Compound verb

sometimes more than one thing happens (happened) or is (was) in a sentence. Two or more verbs make up a compound verb.

Imperative sentence

A sentence that gives a command

Types of sentences

Declarative, Interrogative, and Imperative, Exclamatory

Declarative Sentences

are statements and end with periods. These sentences tell information and facts.

Interrogative Sentences

ask questions and end with question marks

Exclamatory Sentences

Shows excitement or surprise, ends with an exclamation mark (!)

Direct object

receives an action

Adverb

Tells how someone does or did something. Answers how, when, where, and to what extent

Articles

are special adjectives. A, an and the are article (they do not describe)

Pronoun

Takes the place of a noun

Object Pronoun

me, him, her, us, them, whom, you, and it. They can serve as an object of the preposition

Possessive pronoun

takes the place of a noun and shows ownership. My , mine, his, her, hers, your, yours, its, our, ours, their, theirs

Contractions (contract)

to contract means to make smaller. Contractions are formed when two or more words are joined together. When the words are joined, the word is smaller because a letter or letters have been dropped. Add apostrophe when letter are dropped

State of Being Verb

the verb to be, simply states a fact. The forms to be are: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been

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