Final Exam Poetry Terms

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63 terms

Poem

blending of statement and form

Narrative

a poem that tells a story

Epic

a long narrative that deals with heroic adventures (written long ago)

Lyric

a poem that expresses emotion, impressions, and feelings, a short poem

Ballad

a narrative that has a refrain (a repeated stanza, also called a chorus) - abab, a lines are tetrameter, b lines are trimeter

Ode

a meditative poem that is usually full of praise and admiration

Elegy

usually a lament for a dead person or a meditation on mortality

Figurative Language

language that compares one thing to another

Imagery

representation of one thing by another using the 5 senses

Tactile

feel

Auditory

sound

Olfactory

smell

Visual

sight

Simile

a comparison using "like" or "as"

Metaphor

a comparison of two unrelated items without using "like" or "as"

Personification

giving inanimate object or animals humanlike qualities or characteristics

Allusion

a reference to an item out of the realm of the poem, such as a reference to a greek myth or a song or the Koran

Form

the design of the poem in line length, stanzas, syllables, etc

Line

a group of words forming a single unit, a verse

Verse (in latin)

to turn, as in the word versus; poet's problem: when to turn the line

Stanza

a group of lines in a poem separated by a space from other groups of lines

Couplet

a two line stanza that rhymes

Tercet/Triplet

a three line stanza with all three lines rhyming

Quatrain

a four line stanza

Apostrophe

addressing person, thing, or inanimate object that's not there

External metaphor

When a metaphor goes throughout or a chunk of the poem

Couplet

aa bb cc dd, etc.

Tercet/Triplet

aaa bbb ccc ddd, etc.

Quatrain

abab cdcd, etc.

Terza Rima

aba bcb cdc ded, etc.

Specerian Stanza

abab bcbc c (for a Spencerian stanz the 1st 8 lines are written in iambic pentameter and the last line is an alexandrine, a 6 foot line)

Sonnet

a fourteen line poem written in iambic pentameter

Italian (petrarchan) Sonnet

abba abba cdd cee (sometimes last stanza is cde), octave, turn, sestest, ABOUT LOVE

Shakespearean (english) Sonnet

abab cdcd efef gg, octave, the turn, sestets, final couplet, ANY subject

Iambic pentameter

a five foot line of unstressed and stressed syllables, closest thing to natural speech. unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

5 iambs=?

10 syllables

ă

unstressed syllable

ó

stressed syllable

Blank Verse

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter

Free Verse

no external or obvious pattern is followed (not necessarily concerned with stanza sizes, number of syllables, stresses, or rhyme)

Prose Poem

a poem that does not have specified line breaks

Syllabic Verse

based on the syllable count

Rhyme

the recurrence of a sound (most often at the end of line) in which at least one syllable sound is repeated in 2 or more words

Masculine Rhyme

only one syllable rhymes

Feminine Rhyme

more than one syllable rhymes

Off or Slant Rhyme

rhyme that is not exact

Rhythm

The variations of sounds and syllables that create a pattern

Meter

the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables in a poem

Metrical Foot

2 syllables

Stresses

syllable sounds

Scansion

the process of dividing a line into its metrical feet

Alliteration

repetition of initial sounds

Assonance

repetition of a vowel sound

Consonance

repetition of both initial or internal sounds (consonant sounds)

Onomatopoeia

words that sound like their meaning

Repetition

the use of recurring words or phrases for emphasis and pattern

Hyperbole

an exaggeration

Tone

author's attitude toward subject and audience via the overall effect of the diction and other elements, such as choice of subject, design, etc. of the poem

Diction

specific word choice to create a specific effect. EX: Hush! Be quiet! Shut up!/ Cold frigidity iciness wintriness/ Love adoration tenderness passion friendship

Symbol

an item in the poem representing something else

Voice

the "agent" who is speaking through the poem

Mood

overall emotional quality of a poem

Villanelle

5 tercets, 1 quartet, aba aba aba aba aba abaa

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