Pharm Final Review (ch. 23-24)

30 terms by JPDenton

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Hypoglycemia

Lowered blood glucose.
Causes:
Overdose of insulin
Insufficient food intake
Excessive exercise

Symptoms:
Nausea, vomiting, hunger, weakness, headache

Treatment:
Sugar (temporary)
Protein/carb

Hypererglycemia

Elevated blood glucose
Causes:
Undiagnosed diabetes, Insufficient insulin dose
Infections, surgery/trauma, stress
Medications
Pregnancy

Symptoms:
Polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria

Treatment:
Insulin
Electrolytes

Endocrine Hormones

Produced by ductless glands
Secrete directly into bloodstream

Endocrine Hormones
(Categories)

Categories:
Pituitary hormones
Adrenal corticosteroids
Thyroid agents
Antidiabetic agents

Pituitary Hormones

Produced in Pituitary gland, at base of brain.
Master Gland
Produces or controls endocrine hormones

Somatotropin (Human growth hormone, HGH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Adrenal Coriticosteroids

Produced in Adrenal glands, adjacent to kidneys

Uses:
Replacement therapy
Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant properties

Treats:
Inflammation
Bursitis, arthritis
Skin conditions
shock
organ transplants

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid therapy

Not curative
Conditions treated w/ corticosteroids
Alternate-day therapy
Give lowest dose/shortest time
DAW: med filler, color, etc can effect the medications effectiveness

Decadron
Solu-Cortef
DepoMedrol
Kenalog

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid Therapy
(drugs)

Decadron
Solu-Cortef
DepoMedrol
Kenalog

*Decadron

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid Therapy

*Solu-Cortef

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid Therapy

*DepoMedrol

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid Therapy

*Kenalog

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid Therapy

(Adrenal) Corticosteroid Therapy
(side effects)

Side effects:
Delayed wound healing, increased susceptibility to infection.
Osteoporosis w/ fractures
Stunting of growth in children
Endocrine disorders (Cushing state)
Petechiae, easy bruising, shin thinning, tearing

Thyroid Agents

Use for replacement therapy
Diagnosis w/ blood tests/lab tests

Symptoms:
fatigue, depression, irregular periods, sensitive to cold, thinning hair, weight gain

Synthroid
Levoxyl

Thyroid Agents
(toxic effects)

toxic effects:
Hyperthyroidism
High metabolism
Palpitations
Racing thoughts
Insomnia
Hair loss

Thyroid Agents
(drugs)

Synthroid
Levoxyl

*Synthroid

Thyroid Agent

*Levoxyl

Thyroid Agent

Antithyroid Agents

Relieve symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Used in prep for surgical or radioactive iodine theraphy
Can take 6-8 weeks to feel effects of medication

Symptoms:
Palpitations
weight loss
insomnia

Tapazole
Propylthiouricil

Antithyroid Agents
(drugs)

Tapazole
Propylthiouricil

*Tapazole

Antithyroid Agents

*Propylthiouricil

Antithyroid Agents

Corticosteroid therapy
(patient education)

Patient Education:
Follow exact dosage
Do not stop abruptly
Report side effects or sign of infection (up to 12 mo. after stopping med)
Take w/ food to avoid GI upset
Avoid other drugs at same time
Expect side effects (edema, fluid retention)

Short Acting Insulin
(regular)

Onset: 30-60 min
Peak: 2-5- hrs
Duration: 5-8 hrs

Humulin R

Humulin R

Short acting insulin (regular)

Intermediate insulin
(NPH)

Onset: 1-3 hrs
Peak: 6-12 hrs
Duration: 16-24 hrs

Humulin N

Humulin N

Intermediate Insulin (NPH)

Androgens

Man made male replacement hormones
Simulate development of male characteristics

Uses:
Replacement
Congenital
Acquired
Palliative treatment (for breast cancer)

Testosterone

*Testosterone

Androgen

Androgens
(side effects)

Side effects:
Gynecomastia in males
Stunted growth in males
Anxiety, depression, headache

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set