warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
a legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories
..., wrote about persian war, father of history, word history comes from name, 1st to gather facts and write them down
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
they extended their own empire and therefore helped bring civilization to the Middle East; Hammurabi introduced his code of law; it established rules of procedure for courts of law and regulated property rights and the duties of family members, setting harsh punishments for crimes
at the time the sumerians were developing between the tigris and the euphrates rivers, the egytians were developing along the banks of the nile in northeastern africa
the people who invaded Egypt thus beginning the second Intermediate period during which the Hyksos ( a word meaning "foreigner) ruled as pharaohs in Lower Egypt and exacted tribute from the royal families in Thebes.
Indus Valley Culture
consisted of very different beliefs which shaped their culture drastically; these beliefs, like the belief of the caste system and karma, along with moksha and Lord Krishna are recorded in the Vedas
People whose civilization flourished in India between 2500 and 1500 B.C.E.they are the one of the oldest civilization developed near the bank of indus river
second dynasty in china, established the mandate of heaven.
displaced Shang Dynasty; alliances with regional princes and families (feudal system); overtook Yangtze River Valley (Middle Kingdom); invoked the "Mandate of Heaven"; Mandarin Chinese language; Confucious (philosopher)
founder of Buddhism
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
Founder of Judaism who, according to the Bible, led his family from Ur to Canaan in obedience to God's command.
(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
(Old Testament) the 2nd king of the Israelites
(Old Testament) son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom (10th century BC)
A group of nomadic peoples who may have come from the steppes
People who were among the first to master ironworking, meaning they could make the strongest weapons of the time. They also used the chariot, a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle which allowed soldiers to move quickly around a battlefield and fire arrows at their enemy.
Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between 1500 and 1000 BC and greatly affected Indian society.
a seafaring and trading people that lived on the island of Crete
Sailing and trading people who had many colonies on the Mediterranean coast
are the THREE names used in the Bible for the people of god of the old Covenant
known as a warrior people who ruthlessly conquered neighboring countries; their empire stretched from east to north of the Tigris River all the way to centeral Egypt; used ladders, weapons like iron-tipped spears, daggers and swords, tunnels, and fearful military tactics to gain strength in their empire
female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
pharaoh know for contruction programs
conquered egypt, ruled for a century then lost to Assyrians, Nubian King
King of Assyria who built a magnificent palace and library at Nineveh
chinese philosphere and teacher; his belifs,known as confusoinism greatly influenced chinese life
destroyed jeruselem and carried the captives away from judah
a persian king,named after his father cyrus,expanded the persian empire by conquering egypt.
The founder of Persia's classical pre-Islamic religion.
first and only rule of the Qin dynasty of China
People who regained control of Kush at the end of the New Kingdom and about whom not much is known.
very harsh people who exploited the use of iron weapons to build their empire, which lasted less than 100 years. they had a king with absolute power
a Southwest Asian people who helped to destroy the Assyrian empire
a southwest asian people who helped to destroy the assyrian empire
followers of judaism
The dynasty that replaced the Zhou dynasty and employed Legalist ideas in order to control warring states and unify the country.
Ethnic group that settled in what is now Iran. They were rivals for control of Mesopotamia with the Greeks, and later the Arabs.
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
ancient Athenian philosopher
an Indo-European people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C.
Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense
ancient Athenian philosopher
A Greek-speaking people who migrated into mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization.
Athenian ruler, established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great, he founded a school (the Lyceum) outside
Greeks,skilled in warfare,unbelievable strength and endurance,love combat
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy
King of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great
people who inhabited Messenia, made helots by the Sparans
ran 26 miles to deliver the news of the Greek victory at Thermopylae
king of Macedon
Indo-European who lived in now what is called Iran, one of the largest empires of the world
son of Darius, who took the throne, invaded Greece, and was eventually defeated
king of Persia who was defeated by Alexander the Great
A group of people living in a Greek city-state that beleived those should only serve in the army when needed, and thought that all should be able to apart of the governement, which lead this city-state to a democracy.
Darius I (the Great)
made persepolis the capital
established a monetary system
established a religion
created a standing army
ancient scientist who said earth was the center of the universe
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
father of geometry
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry
Romulus & Remus
founders of rome
Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world
the group of people who ruled Rome before Romans revolted
Tarquin the Proud
according to legend, the seventh and last Etruscan king of Rome who was expelled for his cruelty
disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles
people of Carthage who were defeated in the Punic Wars
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians
this civilization began as a city-state (monarchy to republic); expanded into empire; Civil War leads to imperial government; Pax Romana; Roads, cities, aqueducts, architecture; influence of law; rise of Christianity
Roman general who defeated Hannibal in the battle of Carthage
(Roman Catholic Church) one of the great fathers of the early Christian church
Grandson of General Scipio, Elected tribune in 133BC, Proposed law to take land back from Senators and give it to the landless, Very popular with the masses, Opponents organized a riot where he was killed
Roman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part
Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
Caesar's nephew, after beating Cleopatra and Antony he became 1st emperor of Rome
Roman Governor who sentenced Jesus to death
Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule
Emperor who established first policy against Christians
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied
Senator and historian of the Roman Empire
He founded India's first empire. He was an Indian prince who conquered a large area in the Ganges River valley soon after Alexander invaded western India.
dynasty established in India established after Alexander's invasion
great warrior; conquered 2/3 of India but eventually decided peace was the better way of life and converted to Buddhism
a language of southern India; also, the people who speak that language
one of India's greatest writers
Gupta Dynasty (Empire)
an Ancient Indian empire that
covered much of the Indian
Subcontinent. This period is called
the Golden Age of India.
Mathematician known to be one of the first to use algebra and solve quadratic equations.
imperial dynasty that ruled China and expanded its boundaries and developed bureaucracy
the founder of the Han dynasty
Nomadic village in the North that posed a threat to the Qin dynasty and prompted the building of the great wall
Han emperor; brought the empire to its height
liu bangs wife who ruled after his death
Ancient China's greatest woman scholar. Wrote Lessons for Women - a book of moral advice for unmarried palace ladies
Powerful king of Aksum who conquered Kush and converted to Christianity
West Africa's earliest known culture; lived in what is now Nigeria, first people known to smelt iron; fashioned iron into tools for farming and weapons for hunting
a family of languages widely spoken in the southern half of the African continent
hunter gatherers confined to a corner of the congo basin.
Northeastern African trading tribe, took over Kushite empire