Type of writing that uses humor, irony and exaggeration to ridicule human weakness vice or folly in order to bring about social reform
A modest proposal: about Swifts proposal to eat children in order to slow population and reduce the problems of the upper class. Written in order to make fun of upper class and their cruelty towards beggars
The Rape of the Lock: story about Belinda whose hair is cut off by Baron. Makes fun of upper class by making the pouring of coffee, playing cards, etc overdramatic
A Vindication of the rights of women, An English writer who wrote "Vindication of the Rights of Women", arguing that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be so because of lack of education
when a verb has 2 subjects, "Dost sometimes counsel take and sometimes tea" (Line 8). the rape of the Lock
contrast of ideas expressed in a grammatically balanced statement, "And wretches hang that jurymen may dine" (line 22). Rape of the Lock
"I am assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London; What book is this from and what is it an example of?
Example of Ethos (ethical appeals), the type of persuasion that shows the authors credibility, from A Modest Proposal
Quote identification: "I profess in the sincerity of my heart that I have not the least personal interest in endeavoring to promote this necessary work"
A modest proposal, Swift
"like the flowers which are planted in too rich a soil, strength and usefulness are sacrificed to beauty"
A vindication of the rights of women, Wollstonecraft
3 "revolutions" during Romantic period
Industrial Revolution, French Revolution(1789), American revolution (1776)
"let the people do as they please", economic forces should be allowed to operate freely lead poor to suffer (child labor and bad working conditions)
Why did the English government fear a revolution?
The American and French revolutions were both taking place and they feared they would be next especially after they saw the damage Napoleon had done, therefore declared war on France
4 elements of romantic literature
Focus on nature, social idealism, acceptance of change, childhood imagination
"Or softly lightens o'er her face;/ Where thoughts serenely sweet express/ How pure, how dear their dwelling place" (10-12).
She walks in beauty, Byron
"Darkling I listen; and, for many a time/ I have been half in love with easeful Death," (51-52)
Ode to a Nightingale, Keats
"Before high-piled books, in charact'ry/ Hold like rich garners the full-ripened grain;" (lines 3-4)
When I have Fears, Keats
"Little we see in Nature that is ours;/ We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!" (lines 3-4)
The World is too Much with Us, Wordsworth
"The City doth, like a garment, wear" (line 4)
Composed upon Westminster Bridge, wordsworth
"And all that mighty heart is lying still" (line14)
Composed upon Westminster Bridge, wordsworth
"And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, tell that its sculptor well those passions read" (lines 5-6)
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
"What Immortal hand or eye/ Dare frame thy fearful symmetry" (lines 23-24)
The tyger, Blake
"A sadder and a wiser man,/ He rose the morrow morn" (lines 624-625).
the Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner, coleridge
O happy living things! No tongue
Their beauty might declare:
A spring of love gushed from my heart,
And I blessed them unaware:
Sure my kind saint took pity on me,
And I blessed them unaware.
The selfsame moment I could pray;
And from my neck so free
The albatross fell off, and sank
Like lead into the sea. (IV.65-66)
the Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner, coleridge the moment when the mariner notices nature and therefore is free of his curse
the dramatic scene of the pouring of coffee in "the Rape of the Lock" is an example of an
A pause or break within a line of poetry, usually indicated by the natural rhythm of the language
the repetition of final consonant sounds after different vowel sounds (ex: turn and torn)
What poetry term is this an example of "We were the first that ever burst into the silent sea" from the Ancient Mariner?
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
Thomas Babington Macaulay
Wanted to bring progress to London, promoted cleaner streets and wanted them patrolled by police. He wanted to get rid of slums so that way neighborhoods were not bothered by beggars
1832 first reform bill
gave voting rights to all men who owned property worth ten pounds or more in yearly rent
true/false everyone began questioning their religion, during the Restoration and Victorian time periods
False, a few began to ? religion because of science advancements but not EVERYONE
"I was angry with my foe:/ I told it not, my wrath did grow" (lines 3-4)
A poison tree, Blake
What is unique about all of the stanzas in Lady of Shalott?
Each stanza is 10 lines the 5th line ends with Camelot, the last always ends with Shalott, except for when Sir Lancelot is introduced, but still follows the rhyme scheme
"The mirror cracked from side to side;/ 'The curse is come upon me'" (lines 114-115)
Lady of Shalott, Tennyson
"Unequal laws unto a savage race,/ That hoard, and sleep, and feed, and know not me" (lines 4-5)
"Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will/ To strive, to seek and not to yield" (lines 69-70)
"This grew; I gave commands;/ Then all smiles stopped together" (lines 45-46).
My Last Duchess, Browning
"Ah, love, let us be true/ To one another! for the world" (lines 29-30)
Dover Beach, Arnold
"Man and boy stood cheering by,/ And home we brought you shoulder high" (lines 3-4).
To An Athlete dying young, Housman. This can be compared to the achievements after a big game/race and everyone caring this person on their shoulder, and people caring this person's coffin in a funeral
"He fathers-forth whose beauty is past change:/ Praise him" (lines 10-11).
Pied Beauty, Hopkins
Three men whose social, intellectual and psychological changes affected the Victorian era
Darwin, Marx, and Freud
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
stream of consciousness
a literary genre that reveals a character's thoughts and feeling as they develop by means of a long soliloquy (Virginia Woolf)
The belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress. Postmodern society is highly pluralistic and diverse, with no "grand narrative" guiding its development.
an ideological position that holds Black culture to be independent and valid on its own terms
literary style that combines realistic details with incredible events recounted in a matter of fact tone
ability to understand things, intelligence, perspective of the world pg. 168(broken glasses)
symbol- dead paratrooper
the violence and death in the adult world, while there is a war on the island there is a war in the adult world
symbol- painted face
means of hiding one's true self, savage
pg. 187(Bill is no longer recognizable b/c of his mask)
huge gap that seperates humans, washing away of guilt(both Piggy and Simon's bodies are washed away and therefore they cannot face what they have done)
"An abbot on an ambling pad" this quote from The Lady of Shalott represents what poetry term?
repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together
Like in Blake's poems, When we think of Tyger we think of danger, strength and experience and when we think of the lamb with think of childhood and innoncence, this is an example of what?
refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition
The poem "To An Athlete Dying Young" is dedicated to a dead person, it is an example of what?
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed
Which literary trend deals with issues of women's rights, multiculturalism, environment, and nuclear destruction?