English 2H final exam

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Restoration time period

1668-1798

Two disasters that struck during Restoration time period

1665 Plague and Great Fire of London, 1666

Forms of writing common during Restoration

Satire, Essay, Novels and Journalism

Satire

Type of writing that uses humor, irony and exaggeration to ridicule human weakness vice or folly in order to bring about social reform

Wit

type of speech that uses verbal cleverness with keen perception

Horatian Satire

type of satire using gentle and lighthearted humor (ex: The Rape of the Lock)

Juvenalian Satire

much more pessimistic type of satire, less light hearted (ex: A modest proposal)

Jonathan Swift

A modest proposal: about Swifts proposal to eat children in order to slow population and reduce the problems of the upper class. Written in order to make fun of upper class and their cruelty towards beggars

Alexander Pope

The Rape of the Lock: story about Belinda whose hair is cut off by Baron. Makes fun of upper class by making the pouring of coffee, playing cards, etc overdramatic

Mary Wollstonecraft

A Vindication of the rights of women, An English writer who wrote "Vindication of the Rights of Women", arguing that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be so because of lack of education

zuegma

when a verb has 2 subjects, "Dost sometimes counsel take and sometimes tea" (Line 8). the rape of the Lock

antithesis

contrast of ideas expressed in a grammatically balanced statement, "And wretches hang that jurymen may dine" (line 22). Rape of the Lock

"I am assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London; What book is this from and what is it an example of?

Example of Ethos (ethical appeals), the type of persuasion that shows the authors credibility, from A Modest Proposal

logical appeals (logos)

using evidence such as facts or statistics to support a position

emotional appeals (pathos)

arouse emotions and feelings to get people to choose one side

Quote identification: "I profess in the sincerity of my heart that I have not the least personal interest in endeavoring to promote this necessary work"

A modest proposal, Swift

"At every word a reputation dies"

Rape of the Lock, Pope

"And midst the stars incrisbe Belinda's Name"

Rape of the Lock, Pope

"like the flowers which are planted in too rich a soil, strength and usefulness are sacrificed to beauty"

A vindication of the rights of women, Wollstonecraft

3 "revolutions" during Romantic period

Industrial Revolution, French Revolution(1789), American revolution (1776)

laissez faire

"let the people do as they please", economic forces should be allowed to operate freely lead poor to suffer (child labor and bad working conditions)

Why did the English government fear a revolution?

The American and French revolutions were both taking place and they feared they would be next especially after they saw the damage Napoleon had done, therefore declared war on France

4 elements of romantic literature

Focus on nature, social idealism, acceptance of change, childhood imagination

Lord Byron

Creator of the Byronic hero and wrote "She Walks in Beauty"

The stanzas in She Walks in beauty are an example of?

Sestets

Sestet

6 line stanza

John Keats

Wrote "When I Have Fears" and "Ode to a Nightingale"

"Or softly lightens o'er her face;/ Where thoughts serenely sweet express/ How pure, how dear their dwelling place" (10-12).

She walks in beauty, Byron

"Darkling I listen; and, for many a time/ I have been half in love with easeful Death," (51-52)

Ode to a Nightingale, Keats

"Before high-piled books, in charact'ry/ Hold like rich garners the full-ripened grain;" (lines 3-4)

When I have Fears, Keats

"Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink" (line14)

when I Have Fears, Keats

Tone

the attitude a writer takes toward the reader, a subject, or a character

William Wordsworth

The World is too Much with Us, Composed upon Westminster Bridge

"Little we see in Nature that is ours;/ We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!" (lines 3-4)

The World is too Much with Us, Wordsworth

"The City doth, like a garment, wear" (line 4)

Composed upon Westminster Bridge, wordsworth

"And all that mighty heart is lying still" (line14)

Composed upon Westminster Bridge, wordsworth

Percy Bysshe Shelley

Mary Shelley's husband, wrote Ozymandias

"And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, tell that its sculptor well those passions read" (lines 5-6)

Ozymanidas, Shelley

The World is too much with us is a Italian sonnet with a sestet and a...?

Octave

Octave

a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse

The inscription on Ozymandias' statue is an example of...

Irony

Irony

the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens

Allusion

a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

This is an example of an... "Have sight of Proteus rising form the sea"

Allusion

William Blake

Tyger, Lamb and Poison Tree

"What Immortal hand or eye/ Dare frame thy fearful symmetry" (lines 23-24)

The tyger, Blake

Each stanza in the tyger is an example of what?

A Quatrain

Quatrain

a stanza of four lines

"He is meek and, he is mild;/ He became a little child" (lines 15-16)

The Lamb, Blake

Samuel Coleridge

the Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner

"A sadder and a wiser man,/ He rose the morrow morn" (lines 624-625).

the Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner, coleridge

O happy living things! No tongue
Their beauty might declare:
A spring of love gushed from my heart,
And I blessed them unaware:
Sure my kind saint took pity on me,
And I blessed them unaware.

The selfsame moment I could pray;
And from my neck so free
The albatross fell off, and sank
Like lead into the sea. (IV.65-66)

the Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner, coleridge the moment when the mariner notices nature and therefore is free of his curse

Ozymandias makes fun of the king it is an example of

A parody

Parody

a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way

the dramatic scene of the pouring of coffee in "the Rape of the Lock" is an example of an

epic simile

epic simile

elaborately extended comparison relating heroic events to simple everyday events

caesura

A pause or break within a line of poetry, usually indicated by the natural rhythm of the language

consonance

the repetition of final consonant sounds after different vowel sounds (ex: turn and torn)

What poetry term is this an example of "We were the first that ever burst into the silent sea" from the Ancient Mariner?

Internal rhyme

Internal rhyme

a rhyme between words in the same line

Referring to the president as the White house is an example of

metonymy

metonymy

substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')

onomatopoeia

using words that imitate the sound they denote

spenserian stanza

A nine-line stanza with the rhyme scheme ABABBCBCC

tercet

a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.

The Victorian Period

1832-1901, the reign of Queen Victoria

Thomas Babington Macaulay

Wanted to bring progress to London, promoted cleaner streets and wanted them patrolled by police. He wanted to get rid of slums so that way neighborhoods were not bothered by beggars

1832 first reform bill

gave voting rights to all men who owned property worth ten pounds or more in yearly rent

Second reform bill of 1867

gave all men the right to vote except for farm-workers

True/False the Victorian period was a second renaissance

True

true/false everyone began questioning their religion, during the Restoration and Victorian time periods

False, a few began to ? religion because of science advancements but not EVERYONE

"I was angry with my foe:/ I told it not, my wrath did grow" (lines 3-4)

A poison tree, Blake

What is unique about all of the stanzas in Lady of Shalott?

Each stanza is 10 lines the 5th line ends with Camelot, the last always ends with Shalott, except for when Sir Lancelot is introduced, but still follows the rhyme scheme

"The mirror cracked from side to side;/ 'The curse is come upon me'" (lines 114-115)

Lady of Shalott, Tennyson

Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Ulysses, Lady of Shalott

"Unequal laws unto a savage race,/ That hoard, and sleep, and feed, and know not me" (lines 4-5)

Ulysses, Tennyson

"Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will/ To strive, to seek and not to yield" (lines 69-70)

Ulysses, Tennyson

Robert Browning

My Last Duchess

"This grew; I gave commands;/ Then all smiles stopped together" (lines 45-46).

My Last Duchess, Browning

Matthew Arnold

Dover Beach

"Sophocles long ago/ Heard it on the Aegean" (lines 15-16)

Dover Beach, Arnold

True/False: "The Sea of Faith" in Arnold's poem is a metaphor

True

"Ah, love, let us be true/ To one another! for the world" (lines 29-30)

Dover Beach, Arnold

"Man and boy stood cheering by,/ And home we brought you shoulder high" (lines 3-4).

To An Athlete dying young, Housman. This can be compared to the achievements after a big game/race and everyone caring this person on their shoulder, and people caring this person's coffin in a funeral

A.E. Housman

To An Athlete Dying Young

Gerard Manley Hopkins

Pied Beauty

"He fathers-forth whose beauty is past change:/ Praise him" (lines 10-11).

Pied Beauty, Hopkins

Three men whose social, intellectual and psychological changes affected the Victorian era

Darwin, Marx, and Freud

Social Darwinism

The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.

stream of consciousness

a literary genre that reveals a character's thoughts and feeling as they develop by means of a long soliloquy (Virginia Woolf)

modernism

genre of art and literature that makes a self-conscious break with previous genres

postmodernism

The belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress. Postmodern society is highly pluralistic and diverse, with no "grand narrative" guiding its development.

negritude

an ideological position that holds Black culture to be independent and valid on its own terms

magic realism

literary style that combines realistic details with incredible events recounted in a matter of fact tone

symbolCastle Rock

symbolizes the evil, punishment, torture and dictatorship of Jack's reign

symbol darkness

ignorance and fear, fear of the unknown

symbolPiggy's glasses

ability to understand things, intelligence, perspective of the world pg. 168(broken glasses)

symbol-mountain

perspective, power and truth

symbol- dead paratrooper

the violence and death in the adult world, while there is a war on the island there is a war in the adult world

symbol- scar

human's tendency to ruin nature

symbol- conch

authority and order, democracy everyone has the right to be heard

symbol- fire

hope and reaching out for help, connection to outside world pg. 80

symbol- painted face

means of hiding one's true self, savage
pg. 187(Bill is no longer recognizable b/c of his mask)

symbol- the beast

terror from irrational fear, fear of the unknown

symbol- the island

the smallness of the world, isolated society of the boys

symbol- beach

safety and community

symbol- forest

secrecy, hiding and the unknown

symbol- Lord of the Flies

evil decay and destruction
(pg.143 LOTF talks to simon)

symbol- ocean

huge gap that seperates humans, washing away of guilt(both Piggy and Simon's bodies are washed away and therefore they cannot face what they have done)

"An abbot on an ambling pad" this quote from The Lady of Shalott represents what poetry term?

Assonance

assonance

repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together

Like in Blake's poems, When we think of Tyger we think of danger, strength and experience and when we think of the lamb with think of childhood and innoncence, this is an example of what?

Connotations

Connotation

refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition

Denotations

literal dictionary definition of a word

The poem "To An Athlete Dying Young" is dedicated to a dead person, it is an example of what?

Elegy

Elegy

a poem that mourns the death of a person or laments something lost

foot

a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed

Meter

A generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry

Ottava Rima

an eight-line stanza in iambic pentameter with rhyme scheme abababcc

Synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole, closely related to metonymy

Terza Rima

An interlockin, three-line stanza form with the rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc ded and so on

What word did Mary Wollstonecraft use to describe noble people?

Masculine

which period was more complicated Restoration or Renaissance?

Renaissance

Whose work inspires Victor from a young age?

Corneilus Agrippa

Which literary trend deals with issues of women's rights, multiculturalism, environment, and nuclear destruction?

postmodernism

September Massacre

Massacre in France when anyone with loose ties to the King was beheaded

Which attack upset the Monster the most in Frakenstein?

When Felix attacked him

Diesm

religion that believes God creted universe but then stepped back

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