3 Written Questions
3 Multiple Choice Questions
- A wide strip of Italy in the middle of the Italian boot or peninsula. The pope was the ruler or king, and its safety was guaranteed by Pepin. The land was given to the pope by Pepin in a formal deed called the Donation of Pepin.
- He was Charles Martel's son. He was king and the Pope asked him for help against the Lombards who were invading. Pepin helps him and defeats them and in turn, the Pope names him king of the Franks. Then Pepin gives the Pope land called the Papal States.
- A series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy land back from Muslim control.
2 True/False Questions
Charles the Great "Charlemagne"- → Was the empire Charlemagne was made emperor of by the pope because he defended him. This started a long trend of good relationships between kings and popes, and gave the pope a lot more power. It included mostly all of Europe
Holy Roman Empire → The German emperor who objected to the pope's ruling. He was excommunicted by the pope. The pope told his subjects not to obey him. The pope eventually asked for forgiveness. (Pg 150)