Chapter 6 Exam

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Scientific Revolution

New way to think about the natural world

Geocentric theory

Earth-centered view of the universe

Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish cleric and astronomer who reasoned that the earth and the stars revolve around the sun

Heliocentric theory

Sun-centered view of the universe

Johannes Kepler

Brilliant mathematician, mathematically proved that the planets revolve around the sun

Scientific Method

Logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas

Francis Bacon

Urged scientists to experiment

Rene Descartes

Believed everything should be doubted until proved by reason

Issac Newton

Made a law of gravity stating that every object in the universe attracts every other object

Thomas Hobbes

Humans are naturally selfish and wicked

Social Contract

People give up rights to create a stable government

John Locke

People are reasonable and can govern their own affairs

Voltaire

Published 70 books on politics, philosophy, history, drama

Montesquieu

Studied political liberty and believed in Separation of powers among three branches of government

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