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area of contact between bones

articulation

what holds bones together and may or may not permit some degree of movement

joints

how are joints classified structurally

the presence or absence of a space between the articulating surface and the type of connective tissue that binds the bones together

what are the three types of structural joints

fibrous
cartilagenous
synovial

what structural joint has no joint cavity and is held together by fibrous connective tissue

fibrous joint

what structural joint has no joint cavity and is held together by cartilage

cartilagenous joint

what type of structural joint has a joint cavity, synovial membrane, and synovial fluid.

synovial joints

what type of structural joint has bone ends covered with articular cartilage, united by an articular capsule and ligaments

synovial joints

how are function joints classified

according to the degree of movement

what are the three types of functional joints

synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis

immovable joints

synarthrosis (syn = no)

slightly moveable joints

amphiarthrosis

freely movable joints

diarthrosis

what are the three types of fibrous joints

sutures
syndesmosis
gomphosis

what type of joint is found between flat bones of the skull

sutures

are sutures synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, or diarthrosis?

synarthrosis

in what kinds of fibrous joint are bones are held together by fibrous ligaments or membranes

syndesmosis

are syndesmosis immovable, slighly movable, or freely movable?

slightly movable

where do you find syndesmosis joints

radius and ulna

what type of fibrous joint has a cone shaped process that fits into a socket

gomphosis

where do you find gomphosis joints?

roots of teeth

what are the 2 types of cartilagenous joints

synchondrosis
symphysis

what type of cartilagenous joints is considered primary? seconday?

synchondrosis - primary
symphysis - secondary

what type of cartilagenous joint is 2 bones joined together by hyaline cartilage

synchondrosis

what cartilagenous joint is the epiphyseal plate of the long bone

synchondrosis

what kind of cartilagenous joint is between the first rib and manubrium of sternum

synchondrosis

what kind of cartilagenous joint is 2 bones joined by fibrocartilage

symphysis

which cartilagenous joint is slightly movable?

symphysis

which kind of catilagenous joint provides strength and shock absorption as well as flexibility

symphysis

what cartilagenous joint is found in IVD's and between pubic bones

symphysis

what is a bursa?

synovial fluid filled sac

how are synovial joints classified?

shape of articular surfaces and or type of movement they permit

plane joint AKA

gliding joint

in what kind of synovial joint are the opposed surfaces of the bones flat or almost flat?

plane (gliding)

are plane joints mono-axial, biaxial, or multiaxial

mono axial

what type of synovial joint is a z joint

plane (gliding)

what type of synovial joint is a acromioclavicular joint

plane (gliding)

hinge joint AKA

ginglymus

what kind of synovial joint has a convex cylinder of one bone is applied to a concavity in the other bone

hinge

is a hinge joint monoaxial, biaxial, or multiaxial

monoaxial

what is monoaxial

movable in one plane (flexion and extension)

in what kind of synovial joint are the bones joined by a strong collateral ligament

hinge ( ginglymus)

are synovial joints synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, or diarthrosis?

diarthrosis

what type of synovial joint is a median atlantoaxial (atlanto-odontoid)

pivot (trochoid)

what type of synovial joint is interphalangeal joints

hinge

what type of synovial joint is found in the elbow, knee, and ankle?

hinge

what type of synovial joint is formed of a central long axis surrounded by a bony - ligamentous ring

pivot

Pivot joint AKA

trochoid

is a pivot join monoaxial, biaxial, or multi axial?

monoaxial

what type of synovial joint is the radio-ulnar joint

pivot

condyloid joint AKA

ellipsoid

what type of synovial joint has opposing surfaces that are concave and convex

condyloid (ellipsoid)

is a condylois joint monoaxial, biaxial, or multiaxial?

biaxial

what is biaxial

movements are flexion and extension
and adduction and abduction

what type of synovial joint is the carpometacarpal of the thumb

saddle

what type of synovial joint is the metacarpophalangeal (knuckles)

condyloid

saddle joint AKA

sellar

what kind of synovial joint has opposing surfaces concavo-convex and oriented at right angles to each other

saddle

are saddle joints monoaxial, biaxial, or multiaxial?

biaxial

what type of synovial joint is the atlanto-occipital

condyloid

what type of synovial joint is the sternoclavicular joint

saddle

ball and socket AKA

spheroid

what type of synovial joint has a spherical head of one bone being recieved by the socket of another bone

ball and socket

is a ball and socket joint monoaxial, biaxial, or multiaxial

multiaxial

what is a multiaxial joint?

moves in all directions

what kind of synovial joint is the shoulder and hip joints?

ball and socket

what are the 6 synovial joints?

plane (gliding)
hinge (ginglymus)
pivot (trochoid)
condyloid (ellipsoid)
saddle (sellar)
ball and socket (spheroid)

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