microbiology - final (respiratory system)

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sore throat and difficulty swallowing, purulent abscesses covering tonsils

strep throat

causative organism for strep throat

sterp. pyogenes

number one cause of pharyngitis, and may progress to scarlet or rheumatic fever, most common in children ages 5-15

strep throat

strawberry red tongue

scarlet fever

causative organism for scarlet fever

strep. pyogenes

scarlet fever is also known as

scarletina

causative organism for diphtheria

corynebacterium diphtheria

characteristic palisade arrangement

diphtheria

pain and pressure of the affected sinus

sinusitis

causative organism for sinusitis

- moraxella catarrhalis
- strep. pyogenes
- haemophilus influenzae
- strep. pneumoniae
- strap. aureus

organism that most commonly causes sinusitis

moraxelia catarrhalis

only (gram -) causative organism of sinusitis

haemophilus influenzae

pain in the ears

otitis media

causative organisms for otitis media

- strep. pneumoniae
- haemophilus influenzae
- strap. aureus
- moraxella catarrhalis
- strep. pyogenes

most cases of otitis media are caused by which organism

strep. pneumoniae

causative organism for the common cold

- rhinovirus
- coronavirus
- adenovirus

only DNA virus causing the common cold

adenovirus

most common causative organism for the common cold

rhinovirus

second most common causative organism for the common cold

coronavirus

short, rapid breathing, high fever, cough, rust colored sputum, consolidation

pneumococcal pneumonia

causative organism for pneumococal pneumonia

strep. pneumoniae

mode of transmission for pneumococcal pneumonia

inhalation of bacteria

typical pneumonia

pneumococcal pneumonia

causative organism for mycoplasmal pneumonia

mycoplasma pneumoniae

mycoplasma pneumoniae is which type of pathogen

bacteria with no cell wall

atypical pneumonia "walking pneumonia"

mycoplasmal pneumonia

mode of transmission for mycoplasma pneumoniae

spread by nasal secretions

pneumonia symptoms combined with a thick bloody sputum "currant jelly sputum"

klebsiella pneumonia

causative organism for klebsiella pneumonia

klebsiella pneumoniae

mode of transmission for klebsiella pneumonia

opportunistic infection by normal digestive respiratory microbiota

people at greatest risk for klebsiella pneumonia

immuno-compromised individuals

causative organism for pneumonic plague

yersinia pestis

causative organism for ornithosis

chlamydophila psittaci

causative organism for legionnaires' disease

legionella pneumophila

causative organism for pontiac fever

legionella pneumophila

three types of tuberculosis

- primary TB (tubercles, Ghon's complex, caseous necrosis)
- secondary TB
- disseminated TB

causative organism for tuberculosis

mycobacterium tuberculosis

pott's disease

TB in spine

leading killer of HIV positive individuals

tuberculosis

4 phases of pertussis

- incubation
- catarrhal
- paroxysmal
- convalescent

causative organism for pertussis

bordetella pertussis

transmission mode for pertussis

inhalation

whooping cough

pertussis

tripod position

epiglottitis

causative organism for epiglottitis

haemophilus influenzae

causative organism for inhalational anthrax

bacillus anthracis

causative organism for influenza

influenza virus type A and B (orthomyxovirus)

causative organism for severe acute respiratory syndrome

coronavirus

transmission mode for severe acute respiratory syndrome

large droplets form the upper respiratory tract

SARS, requires BSL-3

severe acute respiratory syndrome

bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children under 1

respiratory syncytial virus infection

transmission mode for respiratory syncytial virus infection

fomites, hands, respiratory droplets

most common childhood respiratory disease, leading cause of fatal respiratory disease in infants and children

respiratory syncytial virus infection

causative organism for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)

hantavirus

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome has which BSL

BSL-4

inflammation of larynx, trachea, and bronchi, "seal-bark" cough

croup

causative organism for croup

parainfluenza virus

people who are susceptible to croup

children

second most common cause of lower respiratory infection in young children

human metapneumovirus

resembles pneumonia or TB and forms spherules in the lungs

coccidioidomycosis

causative organism for coccidioidomycosis

coccidioides immitis

san joaquin valley fever

coccidioides immitis

could come from native american pots and blankets

coccidioides immitis

coccidioides immitis is which type of pathogen

fungus

causative organism for pulmonary blastomycosis

blastomyces dermatitidis

blastomyces dermatitidis is which type of pathogen

fungus

gilchrist's disease

blastomyces dermatitidis

causative organism for paracoccidioidomycosis

paracoccidioides brasiliensis

paracoccidioides brasiliensis is which type of pathogen

fungus

ohio river valley disease

paracoccidioidomycosis

most common fungal pathogen affecting humans

paracoccidioidomycosis

paracoccidioides brasiliensis are which type of pathogen

fungus

coughing with bloody sputum or skin lesions

histoplasmosis

causative organism for histoplasmosis

histoplasma capsulatum

histoplasma capsulatum is which type of pathogen

fungus

presence of this organism is almost diagnostic for AIDS

histoplasma capsulatum

most commonly causes only allergies

aspergillosis

causative organism for aspergillosis

aspergillus sp.

causative organism for killer black mold

stachybotrys chartarum

stachybotrys chartarum is which type of pathogen

fungus

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