one side's weaponry motivates the other side to procure more weaponry
Balance of trade
the ratio of what a country pays for imports to what it earns from exports
Central Intelligence Agency
Created after world war 2 to coordinate American information and data-gathering intelligence activities
where the u.s. and the soviet union were often on the brink of war
called for the U.S. to isolate the Soviet Union to contain its advances by peaceful or coercive means
a slow transformation from conflict thinking to cooperative thinking in foreign policy strategy designed to ease tensions between the superpowers and guarantee mutual security
a transnational government composed of most European countries, that coordinates monetary, trade, immigration, and labor policies for their mutual benefit.
involves making choices about relations with the rest of the world.
actions reverberate and affect other people's actions
a policy that directs the U.S. to stay out of other nations' conflicts.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
composed of commanding officers of each of the services, plus a chair, are the president's military advisors
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
created in 1949 to combine military forces of the U.S., Canada, Western European nations, and turkey.
Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries
organization comprised of oil producing countries in the middle east
Secretary of defense
the president's main civilian defense advisor
Secretary of state
a key adivsor to the president of foreign policy
Strategic Defense Initiative
Also known as "Star Wars," this plan proposed creating a global umbrella in space to destroy invading missiles
raises the price of an imported good to protect domestic business
an international organiation created in 1945 wehre members agree to renounce war and respect human and economic freedoms