Indian soldier who served in an army set up by French/English East Indian Co.
When the soldiers rebelled against the powers
the isolation of women in separate quarters
Hindu custom that called for a wife to join her husband in death by throwing herself on his funeral pyre
Representative who ruled one of Spain's Provinces in the Americas
White Man's Burden
The beliefe that Europe, or white people of Europe, were required to help the rest of the world
In Islam; An effort of God's service
Realistic politics based on the needs of the state
Granting of freedom to serfs or slaves
Half of the allied army would stay behind and distract the German army, while the other half would circle around them and sttavk the German's from behind so that the Germans had to fight a two fronted war
Stalemate/War of Attrition
When, in a battle, no real action is happening and no real moves can be made
Ideas spread by one group to bring themselves up and another group down
Agreement between enemies to stop fighting or arguing for a set amount of time
payment for damages after a war
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages
First Reich/ Second Reich/ Third Reich
First- Holy Roman Empire
Second- United Germany under Bismark
Third- Hitler's Germany
Interests/Goals of New Imperialism.
(4 of them)
4- Social Darwinism
Direct Rule imperialism
Directly ruling a place; Overseeing it yourself
When a group of people, not of the ruling country's descent, rules over an area instead of somebody from the ruling country itself
How does Great Britain take over India?
Takes all of its trading and resources
Leader of Indian Independence movement, educated in England and used the doctrine of non-violent protest
Secret Serbian terrorist society-Eventually killed Franz Ferdinan
Was the democratic government which ruled over Germany form 1919 to 1933. Was Germany's first democracy and it failed miserably. It had leaders such as Stresseman and Hindenburg.
Main Cause of WWI
-Many secret alliances, if one got in the fight, the rest would
-Murder of Franz Ferdinan
How did WWI start?
-Protection of Allies
-Wanting to expand empires
German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule.
established legal basis in Nazi Germany for discrimination against Jews.
Led the Soviet union during part of the Cold War, served as first secretary of the Communist Party
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
was a Scottish explorer who explored much of Africa's unchartered interior for thirty years (1813-1873). He was a Scottish missionary and physician. In addition to adding greatly to Europe's knowledge of the continent's geography, he heightened Western awareness of Africa and stimulated Christian missionary activity there.
Congress of Vienna
Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon
In Russia, the Czar's troops fire on Peaceful protestors, significant because it was one of the first cruel acts against innocent Russians under Stalin's rule.
Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria-Hungary from 1848 to 1916; during his long reign he took small steps to address the democratic and nationalist aspirations of his people
Important because he gave the Russians hope during the war, even though he was eventually 'banished.' Troops later brought him back to Russia, and he became a basic Evangelist, finally becoming leader but dying soon after.
Important because he took over right after Lenin, but was a more cruel ruled, he also instituted communism in Russia
Important because he started the Fascist party that spread through a lot of Europe
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
Otto von Bismark
Prussian Diplomat responsible for the unification of Germany. Cunning politician, fights Danes with Austrians and Germans. Expels Austrians from Zollverein, fights Austrian-Prussian war w/ help of Germans. Gets North Germkan Confederation, led by Prussia. Then fights French, Franco-Prussian war, gets rest of Germany and Alsace-Lorraine. Diplomat under William I of Prussia, and then Wiliam II, who makes the mistake of firing him.
Treaty of Versailles
'Treaty' made after WWI by allied forces and Germany, giving Germany many sets of rules, making them pay for all the reparations of WWI, take all the blame for the war, taking away most of its battleships, etc.
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
Born in Austria, Hitler became a radical German nationalist during World War I. He led the National Socialist German Workers' Party-the Nazi Party-in the 1920s and became dictator of Germany in 1933. He led Europe into World War II. (p. 786)