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Decades Test

1900s

The 20th Century starts off under the promise of unlimited prosperity

1900s

The Gilded Age

1900s

There seems to be no end to the inventiveness of Western civilization's human genius - and the material prosperity and political power it is able to generate.

1900s

Super-rich American capitalists enjoy kingly wealth - despite the trust-busting of Roosevelt and Taft

1900s

American Progressivism and European Socialism attempt to help the working poor left behind in the race toward unlimited wealth

1900s

The West is pleased with its world empires - though Germany's Emperor Wilhelm is hungry for more

1900s

Nationalist egos draw everyone deeper into a Darwinist competition among the Western nations - each anxious to prove themselves to be the most 'advanced' of all peoples

10s

A small-level Balkan conflict quickly turns itself into a drawn-out nightmare (The Great War/World War I) because no side is willing to back down.

10s

A tragedy in Serbia sets off a military chain reaction of injured egos as Austria declares war on Serbia, Russia declares war on Austria, Germany on Russia, France on Germany, etc.

10s

A stalemate quickly occurs on the Western Front which, despite the slaughter, lasts four years.

10s

Intense war-weariness finally collapses the Russian Imperial (Tsarist) Government.

10s

Kerensky declares Russia to now be a Constitutional Democracy - and declares that Russia henceforth fights on in the Great War on the side of 'democracy'.

10s

America now joins the Great War as Wilson sees the Great War as a 'Crusade for Democracy'.

10s

Continuing Russian war weariness quickly undermines Kerensky's new democracy - allowing Lenin to make his move to bring the Bolsheviks or Communists to power in Russia

10s

Lenin pulls Russia out of the War in order to focus on building a new 'worker's paradise'.

10s

Russia now falls into a long and bitter civil war - which kills more Russians than the Great War.

10s

The Great War ends with no winners - only vengeful and exhausted losers

10s

A global Spanish flu epidemic kills more people in a few months than the Great War did in four years.

20s

The War creates an even greater desire of rural Westerners to return to the Christian past and urban Westerners to get on toward a better secular future.

20s

A 'democratic' Weimar Republic is forced upon the Germans - though they have no love for it.

20s

The first years of the German Weimar Republic are times of civil strife and economic collapse.

20s

America retreats into a spirit of 'isolationism,' vowing never to get involved in a European war again.

20s

A deep economic 'depression' hits the American farms - ten years ahead of the Great Depression.

20s

In the American cities, a new material offering of cars, radio, home appliances, etc. makes urban life dazzling.

20s

Urban American culture reflects both hedonism and existentialism arising from its materialist ideals.

20s

A rural-urban conflict erupts in America symbolized by the 'Prohibition' against the drinking of alcohol - and by the rapid growth of urban 'Speakeasies' where alcohol flows freely in the defiance of the ban. The conflict is also symbolized by the Evolution issue.

20s

Scopes Monkey Trial

20s

In Europe the conflict is wrapped up in a rural fascination with a religious cultural traditionalism (Italy: Mussolini's 'Fascism') and an urban fascination with secular industrial socialism (Russia: Lenin's 'Communism').

20s

In Russia, Stalin grabs total control over the Communist Party - and then over the whole of Russian society - through a regime of terror which he institutes in order to push the country to rapid industrialization (at the expense of the impoverished countryside).

20s

Wildly speculative investments, farm failures, and saturation of consumer market suddenly collapses the American stock market, undermining the foundations of Western capitalism.

30s

The Great Depression undercuts 'capitalist' democracy and brings support for active dictatorships which promise to move life ahead more effectively - and gloriously.

30s

The collapse of American capitalism plunges the Western industrial world into a state of deep poverty and joblessness.

30s

The Depression restores the hand of rural/small-town traditionalism - and stifles urban folly.

30s

Hitler exploits this spirit of traditionalism to bring his Nazis to power in Germany and from there maneuvers himself into a position of total control over German society.

30s

In Spain, the culture split precipitates a bloody civil war which becomes a 'proxy war' for other nations caught in contest of cultural wills.

30s

In Japan, the militarist party ignores the pro-democracy party and suddenly attacks China.

30s

Stalin, no longer trusting the resolve of a greatly weakened England and France to stop Hitler, signs a treaty with Hitler dividing up Poland between Germany and Russia and permitting Stalin also to seize the Baltic states and to dominate Finland.

30s

The move on Poland precipitates a French and English declaration of war against Germany; nothing much is done about Russia's part in this affair.

40s

World War II brings out America as a Superpower (but also Russia/the Soviet Union)

40s

After no action by England and France - Germany attacks and quickly defeats France.

40s

Hitler cannot defeat England's air defenses *the 'Battle of Britain') - and gives up an invasion attempt in order to invade Russia, but again, falls in his objective.

40s

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brings America into the war.

40s

Hitler intensifies the situation by declaring war on America a few days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

40s

Slowly America, England and Russia squeeze Hitler into retreat and America and England push Japan back in Asia and the Pacific.

40s

Both Germany and Japan are brought to crushing defeat.

40s

'Victors' England and France suffer from major post-war weariness and the only victors still standing in any strength are America and Russia, who now face each other in deep distrust - producing a 'Cold War' between them.

40s

Russia takes control of 'buffer state' governments of Eastern Europe - placing Stalinists in control - and tries to force America out of Berlin.

40s

America shores up the Western democracies against Russian-directed Communism with economic assistance (Marshall Plan) and military assistance (NATO).

40s

America stands by dumbfoundedly as Mao's Communists take over China.

40s

A new Labourite England surrenders its control over South Asia.

50s

The Soviet-American Cold-War deepens.

50s

Communist North Korea invades 'democratic' South Korea, starting the Korean War.

50s

Truman gives military assistance to South Korea, drawing the Chinese in on the side of North Korea, resulting in a bloody stalemate.

50s

Both the Soviets and Americans now possess the H-bomb (and China the A-bomb)

50s

American fears of global Communist ambitions are turned by Joe McCarthy into a witch hunt of virtually every American institution.

50s

American intellectuals are particularly offended by the McCarthy witch hunt - and develop a strong hostility toward the American 'Vet' or middlle class that seems to encourage this Anti-Communist activity.

50s

Vet parents teach their Boomer children to resist all appeals of authoritarian Communism by challenging all authority and listening only to their own inner voices.

50s

Older American youth are more absorbed with music and and acne than world events.

50s

In an economic-cultural showdown with 'Godless Russian Communism' America smugly showcases the material blessings of 'Christian-Capitalist-Democracy'

50s

Americans watch helplessly as the Soviets crush freedom uprisings in Germany and Hungary - but act decisively in forcing French and English 'imperialists' out of Egypt.

60s

An elite-directed State begins to replace the American citizen republic.

60s

A youthful Kennedy inspires a political-cultural idealism in America and abroad.

60s

American youth join the Peace Corps to help bring the world to American-style democracy.

60s

Seeing blemishes at home, ML King, Kennedy and Johnson back a Civil Rights movement.

60s

Johnson, not trusting the citizens to self-correct on these blemishes, devises a mass of government programs, under the title 'Great Society,' to reform America 'from above'.

60s

Southeast Asia (especially Vietnam) appears to be about to fall to Communism and America intervenes to protect Vietnamese 'democracy'.

60s

The war in Vietnam drags on inconclusively and the Civil Rights movement turns nasty.

60s

Boomers, now teenagers, protest that mankind's real enemy is the 'god' of their parents: the 'Establishment"

60s

A nasty generational battle ensues, mimicked in Europe by a rebellion of European youth against their 'Establishments'.

60s

The Boomers challenge their parents with a revolution in psychedelic music, Eastern mysticism, drugs and sex.

60s

Nixon, a voice of the 'Establishment' is elected president.

60s

The world is thrilled as America lands a man on the moon.

70s

A bitter liberal-conservative rivalry embroils America's national and international politics.

70s

Nixon backs America away from its Cold War stance, opening commercial relations with China, working out nuclear arms limitations treaties (SALT) with the Soviets, and bringing almost all our troops home from Vietnam.

70s

The Boomers still see the 'Establishment' enemies everywhere - especially in the White House.

70s

Another Establishment symbol, Christianity, comes under attack - and with the help of a very Liberal US Supreme Court is chased from its traditional position as the foundation of American culture.

70s

Nixon is uncovered as a conspiring power-hungry evil genius (Watergate Scandal).

70s

The Watergate Scandal offers Boomers and leftist national press the opportunity to depose Nixon and secure ultimate victory over the 'Establishment'.

70s

The Ford White House is powerless and Congress is left on a quest or 'new democracy'' playing into the hedonistic instincts of a rapidly strengthening American Liberal Left.

70s

A 'Power-is-evil' mentality in Congress undercuts all further support of the South Vietnam Government which soon falls to the North Vietnamese Communists.

70s

Cambodia is dragged down into an orgy of Communist slaughter (the Killing Fields) in which hundreds of thousands (possibly millions) of Cambodians are slaughtered for not being sufficiently 'revolutionary' in spirit.

70s

Carter gains the White House with a 'new morality': America active in the world not on the basis of its power, but instead on the basis of its moral of 'democratic' high-mindedness.

70s

Carter's 'new morality' undermines the troubled regime of America's major ally in the Muslim world, The Shah of Iran, and helps bring to power in Iran a bitterly anti-US Shi'ite theocracy which in turn seeks to topple other secular, proto-Western Middle Eastern governments.

80s

The 'Reagan Era' marks a decade of a return to more traditional values.

80s

Carter idealism self-destructs economically and politically - opening the way for a strong-willed Reagan (of the old 'Vet' generation) to enter the White House.

80s

Reagan pursues American foreign relations negotiating from strength (not 'moral purity').

80s

Russia tries to keep up - but begins to break down from built-in economic inefficiency. Gorbachev tries to reform the Russian Communist system, but merely collapses it instead not only in Russia but in all the former Stalin-dominated countries of East Europe.

80s

An effort of Democrats to bring down another Republican presidency around the 'Iran-Contra' scandal fails to win the support of Americans who do not want to see Reagan 'Watergated'

80s

America initiates a veritable revolution in communications technology, especially based on the personal computer.

80s

With the Boomers now in positions of social influence, a cultural revolution takes place along a number of fronts - united by a single vision of 'the enemy': the straight, Anglo, Christian White male who has so long directed American life.

80s

Traditional (Christian) America fights back, with the issues of abortion, prayer in public life, Christian schooling and the homosexual life-style the major hot buttons.

90s

The sole Superpower enjoys a decade of incredible material prosperity - and cultural hedonism.

90s

Bush Sr's victory against Iraq in the Gulf War puts Vietnam defeatism behind America, restoring a sense of America's rightful place as a sole superpower leading the world.

90s

Economic difficulties oust Bush and bring in the Boomer Clinton to the White House.

90s

Clinton undertakes reforms (a national health plan and homosexuality in the military) which explode in his face and which he is forced to abandon.

90s

Congressional Republican leader Gingrich, with his 'Contract for America', channels traditionalist outrage into a Republican takeover of Congress - moving a 'politically flexible' Clinton to take up much of Gingrich's program himself - and thus steal Gingrich's political thunder.

90s

Ethnic strife in Bosnia and Kosovo (formerly Yugoslavia) refine America's role as world policeman.

90s

The world watches as Yeltsin's Russia struggles with corruption to find stability as a 'democracy'.

90s

A 'morally flexible' Clinton gets caught in a sex scandal - but manages to survive politically.

90s

An ongoing computer revolution continues to bring unprecedented prosperity to many Americans.

2000s

Muslim terrorist destruction of the World Trade Center focuses Bush Jr.'s presidency - producing military/diplomatic resolve to 'remake' Afghanistan and Iraq politically and culturally.

2000s

Bush Jr.'s diplomatic and military response to al-Qaeda terrorism inspires world sympathy, confidence and support.

2000s

The strong push of Bush Jr.'s Neo-Conservative advisers Cheney and Rumsfeld for 'democratic nation-building' in Afghanistan and Iraq undermines the global support, especially with Bush's decision to invade Iraq in order to topple the Saddam Hussein Government.

2000s

Bush tries to turn the running of an agonizingly long war over to the Iraqis - but Arab Sunni and Shi'ite hatreds and Kurdish independent-mindedness produce such deep political schisms that 'democratic' self-government does not automatically spring forth in Iraq; America is now stuck there trying to hold the country together.

2000s

China's economy continues to boom, presenting a challenge for the world's resources and America's economic dominance in the world.

2000s

A ballooning American government deficit takes on monumental proportions.

2000s

A near financial meltdown of a number of major American banks pushes the international financial world to the brink of collapse' but a US government bailout in the last days of the Bush presidency provides an expensive rescue of the banks.

2000s

Obama, a curiously inexperienced political celebrity, takes over the White House.

2000s

The American economy does not recover from the financial crisis, despite vast amounts of Bush and Obama government funding to 'stimulate' the economy; this increases greatly the national debt.

2000s

Putin puts Russia back on a more traditional authoritarian political course - to the distress of America.

2000s

Iran and North Korea push ahead with plans to become nuclear powers; America has huge difficulties getting other major powers to help stop such development.

2010s

America struggles to find its way forward in an international multipolar political world.

2010s

A Democrat-controlled Congress rams through Obama's national health program in a clear demonstration that the Obama White House is indeed fully in charge of America.

2010s

the American debt climbs even higher during the Obama presidency.

2010s

China and America are locked in a creditor-debtor relationship that complicates the economic policy of both countries.

2010s

Europe has a major debt crisis of its own, straining relations between creditor Germany and several European debtor nations (most notably Greece) - threatening the unity of the European Union.

2010s

Pro-Western governments in the Middle East topple during the 'Arab Spring': is this democracy in action...or something else?

2010s

Osama bin Laden is finally killed by Navy SEALs in Pakistan.

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