What is the abbreviation for gram?
g or gm
Which type of needle must be used to withdraw medication from an ampule?
What is the standard site when administering an ID injection?
This classification of medication reduces high blood pressure:
All of the following can affect drug actions:
age, body weight, complianc, timing, disease, gender, idiosyncrasy, interactions, tolerance
A provider that prescribes, dispenses, or administers controlled substances must register with this agency:
A U-100 syringe contains how many mL?
This abbreviation means as needed:
What term describes an unpleasant or harmful reaction to a drug:
What publication is considered to be the official book of drug standards?
(USP/NF) U.S. Pharmacopecia National Formulary
Convert 250 mg to grams.
250 divided by 1000 = 0.25mg)
What routes are considered parenteral routes of administering medications?
IM, Sub Q, Intradermal, IV,transmucosal, dermal, inhalation
What gauge needles would be best when administering a thick or viscid medication?
The smaller calibrations on a 3 mL syringe represent:
1/10th of an mL or 0, 1cc
IV refers to what?
Which route is used for allergy testing?
What are the advantages of the parenteral route of administration?
not altered by acids, rapid effet, no irritation to the GI tract
An antiemetic drug counteracts what?
n/v (nausea & vomiting)
What term best describes the process by which a drug passes into the body tissues or fluids?
The abbreviation for two times a day or twice daily is:
How much air should be inserted into the vial before removing 1 1/4 mL of medication?
The same amount of medication you remove from the vial, is the same amount of air that you put into vial.
What term best describes the action of a drug that is absorbed into the bloodstream and carried to other parts of the body?
distribution or systemic
The medical assistant is allowed to do the following with regard to prescription tasks:
write, call in, fax prescriptions under the direction of the physician to the pharmacy, also give patient instructions and possible side effects. (Controlled substances: CAN write Schedule II drugs under the direction of the physician.)
QID means how many times a day?
4 times a day
This kind of drug increases urine output:
How long should you wait before withdrawing the needle while performing a Z-track injection?
5 acceptable, 10 seconds better
What is the standard site used when doing allergy testing?
forearm, middle of back
The abbreviation for after meals is:
After an accidental finger stick with a used needle following an injection, what's the first step?
wash site thoroughly with soap and water, then report it
Give an example of a drug that comes from a mineral source:
antibiotic (sulfa), antipsychotic (lithium)
What are the common reasons for a medication error?
not reading the medication label carefully, confusing look-a-like drugs, not calculating the dosage correctly, multitasking during medication preparation, not paying attention
Inventory records for controlled substances must be kept for a minimum of how many years?
In which section of the PDR can full color pictures of drugs be found?
Section 4, Grey or the product identification section
The abbreviation for nothing by mouth is:
The length of the needle is determined by the:
site, viscosity of medication, type of medication, route of administration, and size of patient
What is the maximum volume of a tuberculin syringe?
Which scheduled of drugs has a low potential for abuse and includes some that can be dispensed by a pharmacy without a prescription?
What are the seven rights of administration?
RIGHT Patient, RIGHT drug, RIGHT Dose, RIGHT Route, RIGHT Time, RIGHT Technique, RIGHT Documentation
A needles _________ refers to the diameter of the needle.
A medication that relieves fever, pain and inflammation is called a __________?
NSAID (nonsteroid, anti-inflammatory drug)
The desired effect that a drug has on the body is knows as it's ________________.
What is a synergistic effect?
interaction of 2 or more agents (drugs) so that their combined effect is greater than the sum of their individual effect
Giving a medication to a patient to be taken later is known as what?
It is ok to give a patient a medication that another MA has prepared for you?
If a medication error is made, do we document it in their chart?
Before meals is indicated by the abbreviation of:
What are the needle gauge and length for ID injections?
26-27 G, 3/8" to 5/8", 10-15* angle
What are the needle gauge and length for IM injections?
20-23 G, 1 - 3", 90* angle
What are the needle gauge and length for Subcutaneous injections?
23-25 G, 1/2" - 5/8", 45-90* angle
Which injections do we aspirate before injecting?
Sub Q, IM