Chapter 6 Study Questions

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Rotating an M until is it recognized as a W is evidence that we can process information in____.

STM visually

Remembering how to ride a bike, swim, or write your name are examples of___.

Procedural memory

When william James talked about primary memory, he was referring to what we now call___.

STM

Extreme stress indicates

Hippocampus may dysfunction and the amygdala becomes overactive

Retroactive interference of long-term memory means

New material interferes with remembering old material

We give meaning to the raw information entering our sensory registers during the process of___.

attention

A dog owner hears her dog bark at night while she sleep but doesn't hear the other dogs. Whose theory of sensory register operation does this best support?

Treisman

Fact that more people recognize that M and M are the same letter faster than they recognize that M and m are the same letter is evidence that..

Some verbal material in short-term memory is stored in visual form.

Someone a short distance away, to whom you have been paying no attention, quietly speaks your names, and suddenly you are attending to that conversion. That is best explained by___

Treisman's modified filter theory

Our memories of general knowledge items such as the meanings of words of the dates of famous historical even are stored in___.

semantic memory

Pathological conditions involving severe memory loss usually result from..

brain damage

When environmental factors that were present during learning are absent during recall, the effort to remember is often less successful. This is known as...

cue-dependent forgetting

Grandpa can remember childhood things but not things from a few days ago. This is because..

Proactive interference

Your memories of personal information such as what you wore to work yesterday or what you ate for breakfast this morning are stored in___

episodic memory

Short-term memories seem to be located primarily in the

pre-frontal and temporal cortex

Procedural memories appear to be stored primarily in the___.

cerebellum

Mastering a skill to the point that you achieve fluid, immediate performance in it, such as expert typing, is called___.

automaticity

Tim studies. He remember what studied 5 hours again but not 10 minutes ago. Tim's memory problem is best explained by..

Proactive interference

The process in which new visual information constantly replaces old visual information in the sensory registers almost immediately, is called..

masking

According to___theory, people use past reactions and experience to organize and interpret their perception of a present episode.

Schema

Explicit memories are most similar to

declarative memories

Proactive interference of long-term memory means___,

old material interferes with remembering new material

Material is best transferred from short-term to long-term memory through

chunking

In the SQ3R method, which of the following choices come first?

Read

A set of beliefs or expectation about something that is based on past experience is a ..

Schema

Rote repetition is another name for..

maintenance rehearsal

Remembering an acquaintance's name because she has the same initial as our is an exmaple of___.

mnemonic devicw

Working memory is the original name of ____ memory.

STM

The phenomenon whereby most people cannot recall events that occurred when they were babies is called___.

Infantile amnesia

Memory for information that was intentionally committed to memory or intentionally retrieved from memory is called___.

explicit memory

An old joke about an elephant has memory problems and bartender tried to help with his problem. The elephant asks what problem?Why does he say this?

He has issues with STM

Which of the following is not true of schemas?

They are part of short-term memory

Someone studying while mildly anxious taking a test while mild anxious will remember what she studied better due to..

State-dependent memory

Feeling enraged at the sight of a burning cross in someone's yard is example of..

Emotional memory

Most evidence supporting decay theory comes from___studies.

Distractor

Someone asks who the 21 president is, you don't know. They say, the person name is same as large city on Lake Erie, you still dont know. So they say it's Thomas bayard, or Grover Cleveland. You suddenly get it, Grover. In this situation Grover acted as a

Retrieval cue

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