Chapter 9 Study Questions

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Today, psychologist see emotions as

Essential to survival

The hunger and satiety centers are located int he

hypothalamus

The state of tension created by biological needs is called an

drive

the correction sequential order of maslow's hierarchy of motives from motives from most complex and human to most primitive is

self-actualization, esteem, belongingness, safety, physiological

A famed psychologist claims that motivated behaviors result from an effort to reduce tension caused by bodily needs such as hunger or thirst. This psychologist's philosophy most closely matches___theory.

Drive-reduction

Researchers believe that___factors predisposed people to feel happy or unhappy in a wide range situations.

stable personality

According to Maslow, the most highly evolved motive is___.

Self-Actualization

All human behavior that is intended to inflict physical or psychological harm on other is known as___behavior.

Aggressive

Which of the following would be most likely to result from the curiosity motive?

reading the description of a strange looking pierce of machinery at the museum

In Harlow's classic experiments, frightened infant monkeys ran to a surrogate "mother" that offered..

warmth and closeness

Zorba enjoys toying with his set of car keys while he is talking. These key probably satisfy his___need.

manipulation

If we doubt a person's verbal report of the emotion he or she is feeling, which of the following would be the most reliable nonverbal indicator to check?

facial expressions

Which of the following situation does not illustrate how a stimulus motive can direct behavior?

People who are used to eating dinner 6 P.M feel hungrier as dinnertime approaches.

The person who climbs a mountain "because it is there" is responding to__.

Intrinsic motivation

Some psychologists believe that behavior is motivated by the body's attempts to achieve a state of balance in which of the body function effectively, or

homeostasis

Frank feels the need to prove his masculinity. Learning theorist believe his reason for his aggression is..

Frank imitated his father, who did the same thing.

According to the Yerkes-Dodson law, intense arousal would not be conducive to

Studying for an exam

The theory of emotion which claims that when we see a bear, there are physiological changes, but we then use information about the situation to tell us how a respond to those changes, is the___theory.

Cognitive

According to Zajonc, cognition come___emotions.

After

Plutchik proposes that human beings have___basic categories of emotions.

eight

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