Botany

Created by burito58 

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33 terms

autotroph

an organism that makes its own food

eukaryotes

cells that contain nuclei

plant cell

contains a cell wall, chloroplast and large vacuole

sporophyte

when a plant produces spores

gametophyte

a stage in a plant life cycle during which eggs and sperm cells are produced

photosynthesis

when plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars for their bodies

moss, liverwort, hornwort

nonvascular, grow low to ground, rootlike stemlike leaflike structures

vascular

plants with vascular tissue

non-vascular

plants without vascular tissue

ferns, club mosses, horsetails

vascular plants, with actual leafs,stems,and roots

seed dispersal methods

water, wind, animals

seed functions

Dispersal, Survival,and food

types of roots

fibrous and taproots

root functions

absorb water and minerals; keep a plant in the soil; store carbs or water

xylem

vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to every part of a plant

phloem

the vascular tissue through which food moves downwards

veination patterns

parallel, palmate, pinnate

conifers

plants with naked seeds, and produce cones

gymnosperms

Conifers

angiosperms

flowering plants that produce seeds in fruit

sepals

Leaflike parts that cover and protect the flower bud

petals

brightly colored structure just inside the sepals; attracts insects and other pollinators to a flower

stamen

male part of the flower; made up of an anther and a filament

filament

stalk that supports the anther

anther

the part of the stamen that contains pollen

pollen

tiny structures that contain the cells that will later become sperm cells

pistil

The female reproductive part of a flower

stigma

a part at the top of the style that contains pollen grains

style

the narrow part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma

ovary

a structure containing egg cells

ovule

a structure that contains an egg cell

types of tropisms

gravity, light, touch

tropism

A growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus

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