What were the founders of Utopias hoping
a perfect society
What problems in society did leading
reformers in the temperance movement
blame on the manufacture and sale of
poverty, breakup of families, crime, insanity
What were the three basic principles of
Schools should be free and supported by taxes; teachers should be trained; children should be required to attend school.
What was unique about the subject matter
that American artists and writers of the
They no longer looked to Europe for inspiration and models. They began developing their own style and exploring American themes.
How did William Lloyd Garrison's
demands make him effective in the anti-
He called for "immediate and complete emancipation" of enslaved people and denounced the gradual approach of other reformers. He drew more people to the antislavery movement .
What purposes did the Underground
Railroad serve besides helping runaway
It gave hope to enslaved African Americans and gave abolitionists a way to help them to freedom.
How were women viewed under the
American system of law in the early 1800s?
They were considered to be the weaker sex, incapable of managing their own affairs. Men— fathers, other male relatives, or husbands—were considered their guardians.
Civic Rights and Responsibilities:
How did Dorothea Dix win rights for people with mental illness?
After visiting facilities for the mentally, she submitted a detailed report to the Massachusetts legislature revealing the terrible conditions. The legislature agreed to spend the money needed to provide care for the mentally ill.
Summarize Frederick Douglass's role in the abolitionist movement.
A powerful abolitionist speaker, he founded an antislavery newspaper and took a stand that African Americans should not only have freedom but also full equality with whites.
Groups and Institutions:
What was the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention?
It was the first women's rights convention in the United States and served as a platform calling for an end to discrimination against women.