Botany

Created by crossfire007 

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22 terms

Eukaryote

A cell that contains a nucleus and a cell membrane.

Autotrophic

Organisms that can create nutrients from inorganic materials.

Sporophyte

Stage where a plant produces spores.

Gametophyte

Stage where plants and/or algae produce sex cells.

Photosynthesis

Process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches.

Vascular

Has organisms that convey fluids and nutrients,

Nonvascular

Lacking a system that conveys fluid and nutrients.

Non vascular plants

Moss, liverwort, hornwort ferns, club mosses, horsetails.

Seed

A mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat. Used with in plant reproduction.

Seed Dispersal

Wind, Water, Animals, "Explosion"

Root

Underground organ in plants that absorbs water and minerals. Occurs in tap and fibrous forms. Also exists to keep plants from blowing away.

Root Structure

has an outside layer, the epidermis, and a central cylinder of vascular tissue, between these two tissues lies a large area of ground tissue. the end consists of a root cap and menislam.

Stem

Supporting structure that connects roots and leaves and carries water and nutrients between them.

Xylem

Vascular tissue that conducts water.

Phloem

Vascular tissue that conducts everything but water. A.K,A food.

Leaf Structure

Blade; flat part of a leaf.
Node; Part where leaf attaches to some kind of stem or branch.
Petiole; "Stem" of a leaf.
Mid Rib; Primary Vein of a leaf.
Vein; Where water and minerals enter the leaf.

Gymnoperm

http://biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio106/gymnospr.htm
Offers better information than I can give you.

Angiosperm

Flowering, fruit producing plants. life cycle consists of a seed growing then it is somehow pollenated, and then the flower dies and reveals a fruit.

Flower Parts

http://www.naturegrid.org.uk/qca/flowerparts.html
View abovc because i couldn't fit that much information in such a small box.

Tropism

A growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus
Photo; Whether a plant grows towards or away from light.
Touch; Whether a plant coils a round some kind of object or not.
Gravity. Whether something is growing up or down.

Season Changes

Spring brings longer days, fall brings shorter, and winter brings death and dormancy.

life Spans

Annual; Grows and dies in one growing season
Perennial; Lives for more than 2 years
Biennial; Sprouts in first year then blooms and seeds in the second.

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