_______ non-human communication is done through pheromones. Example: trails are used by ants to indicate food source. Sex pheromones indicate readiness for mating
odorless chemicals that serve as social signals to members of one's species
______ communication includes manipulation of light. Messages include aggression, sexual receptivity or territoriality.
______ communications are done mostly through vocalization. Used by humans and animals, includes language.
_______ _______ are
Messages are short
_____ _______ can be perceived in many different ways depending on the individual. Can use interpretation, metaphor, simile, abstracts etc.
There are many _______ of the human spoken language.
1. only our anatomy is capable
2. follows grammar
3. it's learned not genetic
4. it's voluntary not automatic
5. abstraction is allowed
6. it allows for invention
zero to four
From _____ ___ ____ months the infant sounds out the basic phonemes of language
six to twelve
From ____ __ ______ months the infant goes through the babbling stage. Sometimes creating words
twelve to eighteen
From ____ __ ______ months create telegraphic speech.
To locate "see mama"
To demand "want candy"
To negate "no stairs"
To describe "big bird"
To indicate possession "daddy car"
to question "where ball?"
eighteen to twenty-four
From ____ __ ______ months the infant uses the words what where and who to form questions.
From __________ months onward they speak in complete sentences, incorporate phonemes, rules, tenses, an accent, "why" debuts.
Just over _ _____ years ago some claim humans must've been able to speak to survive on the savannah. homo sapiens.
At about __ _____ years some match symbolic tools with homo erectus
At about _______ years ago some claim that language would've been acquired by the homo sapiens.
At about ______ years some claim to find anthropology of deep symbols in artifacts
Some say this bundle of nerves in the back of the head that controls fine mouth movements was acquired around the time of speech. However, non speaking primates today have this canal.
This bone is said to help the tongue form language. Unfortunately, this bone does not fossilize well so there is little evidence of this occurring.
Some say that since language has symbolic thinking that _____ ______ found indicate the development. However this does not indicate if language came before or after or how or why it was acquired.
In linguistics, a method for identifying the approximate time that languages branched off from a common ancestor; based on analyzing core vocabularies.
Dunbar's theory that when animals groomed each other and made connections, they tried to increase the efficiency by communicating with language.
Merlin Donald says that language was invented to represent old thoughts or memories.