Sociology Chapter 6

21 terms by norawaters

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Social Control

the techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior in any society

Sanction

a penalty or reward for conduct concerning a social norm

Conformity

the act of going along with peers-individuals of our own status who have no special right to direct our behavior

Obedience

compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure

Informal Social Control

social control that is carried out casually by ordinary people through such means as laughter, smiles and ridicule

Formal Social Control

Social control that is carried out by authorized agents, such as police officers, judges, school administrators and employeers

Law

Governmental social control

Control Theory

a view of conformity and deviance that suggests that our connection to members of society leads us to systematically conform to society's norms

Deviance

behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group of society

Stigma

a label used to devalue members of certain social groups

Crime

a violation of criminal law for which some governmental authority applies formal penalties

Victimization survey

a questionnaire or interview given to a sample of the population to determine whether people have been victims of crime

White-collar crime

illegal acts committed by affluent, respectable individuals in the course of business activities

Anomie

term for the loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective

Anomie theory of deviance

Merton's theory of deviance as an adapation of socially prescribed goals or of the means governing their attainment or both

Cultural Transmission

a school of criminology that argues that criminal behavior is learned through social interactions

Differential Association

a theory of deviance that holds that violation of rules results from exposure to attitudes favorable to criminal acts

Social Disorganization Theory

the theory that attributes increases in crime and deviance to the absence or breakdown of communal relationships and social institutions, such as as familly, school, church and local government

labeling theory

an approach to deviance that attempts to explain why certain people are viewed as deviants while others engaged in the same behavior are not

Societal-reaction approach

another name for labeling theory

Differential justice

differences in the way social control is exercised over different groups

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set