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This is just a consolidation of Ben's quizlet. I just put them into one and corrected some spelling errors cause im OCD like that.

Which of the following was not an important factor that shaped the development of the major models of urban land use?

the basic / non-basic ratio of workers

Most large cities in Southeast Asia were usually developed by European colonialists and are centered on...

ports

Hoyt's model of urban land use differed from the models developed by E.W. Burgess in that the Hoyt model...

shows the city developing in a series of sectors, not rings.

Medieval cities in Europe usually had what characteristic in common?

protective walls

Most African cities actually have how many CBD's?

3

Ancient towns and cities owed much of their success and growth to certain site advantages. Which of the following was not one of these advantages?

good supply of coal and iron

Which of the following changes usually occurs as a city grows?

the ratio of non-basic to basic workers becomes larger

Which of the following is a primate city?

Paris, France

Which of the following is now the least urbanized and the most rapidly urbanizing realm of the world?

Subsaharan Africa

The core of a city is called the...

CBD

Urban places in the ancient world were...

exceptions in an overwhelmingly rural society

After 1970 new suburban downtowns (edge cities) were spawned in the outer city of Los Angeles, with their leading concentrations...

near key freeway intersections

The very early developing agricultural societies were...

egalitarian

In core area cities, the practice of buying up land and rehabilitating deteriorated housing, which results in the raising of land values in a neighborhood is called...

gentrification

Where did the first urban developement originate?

Southwest Asia

Gated communities have _________ as their chief objective.

safety

New York's Times Square and Berlin's Potsdamer Platz are examples of giant media reshaping cities into...

spaces of consumption

The decline in density and the spread of cities associated with the building of freeways in the second half of the 20th century has been referred to as...

urban sprawl

The multiple nuclei model of urban structure developed by Harris and Ullman arose from the idea that _______ was losing its place as the dominant position in the metropolitan city.

the CBD

Which of the following countries is least urbanized.

China

Marxist geographer David Harvey is one of the strongest critics of ________ , the privatization of the public space and loss of "character" in neighborhoods.

new urbanism

In a model of urban hierarchy, the population of a city or town is inversly proportional to its rank in the system (ex. if largest city is 4 million people, the 2nd largest city will be 2 million people, then the 4th largest city will be 1 million). this is called...

rank-size rule

Which of the following best describes the hierarchy of urban developments?

hamlet, village, town, city, metropolis

What city were the Concentric Zone Model and the Sector Model based on?

Chicago

In the Latin American city, where are the homes of the most impoverished people?

on the outermost zone or peripheral fringe

A hinterland reveals the ________ of each settlement.

economic reach

The U.K. has established greenbelts around certain cities to prevent what?

urban sprawl

What term came back into use to describe the spatial components of the metropolis of the late 20th century?

urban realms

The influx of population from rural to urban areas in peripheral areas or semi-peripheral areas find housing in...

shanty towns

The focal point of the Southeast Asian city is the...

old colonial port

According to the Multiple Nuclei Model, what develops at the outskirts of the core cities?

edge cities

If cities in the poorer parts of the world share a common characteristic, it may result from...

an absence of enforced zoning regulations

Paris and Mexico City are many times larger than the next largest city in the in their respective countries. Their disproportional sizes illustrates...

the concept of primate city

Rome created a huge urban system. The integration of the Roman Empire was greatly facilitated by a...

transportation system

As the distance increases from the center of a city, houses begin to be built farther apart and the number of people per land unit goes down, this phenomenon is known as...

the density gradient

The Pentagon in Washington DC is a good example of a...

symbolic landscape

In Burgess's Concentric Zone Model the zone of transition became...

deteriorated with more CBD encroachment

Mexico City and Sao Paulo are examples of...

mega cities

Comparing Luanda, Angola to a suburb of Tokyo, one is struck by the fact that the urban morphology reflects the fact that angola lacks a _________ working class.

middle

Which feature of ancient urbanization was not present in the Nile River Valley hearth?

defensive walls

Human communities have existed for 10000 years, but some did not start to grow into larger places until about ________ years ago.

8000

The layout ot a city, the physical form and structure, is reffered to as...

urban morphology

The core area suburbs are experiencing a process of the tearing down of existing suburban homes and the building of very large, standardized looking homes known as...

McMansions

The response of the urban system of the American South and Southwest to the influx of migrants over the past three decades conforms with predictions of central place theory. This is called the __________ phenomenon.

Sunbelt

What one characteristic links megacities?

each city has a population over 10 million

Ancient cities were not large by today's standard. The cities of Mesopotamian and the Nile Valley probably had populations of...

10,ooo - 15,ooo oowoooo woowooo wooowowowooooowoo oo oo o o wo owooowoo owowo o o wo oowoowoo woooowo woooowooooowooo oo oo o o wo owoowooo owoo o o ooowoooo wooowoo wooowooooowoooo oo owo o o wo owoowooo owoo o o ooowoowoo wooooo wooowooowooooowo oo oo o o wo owooowoo owoow o o ow

Peter Muller's analysis of suburbanization indicated that suburbs were...

evolving into a self-sufficient urban entity with its own economic and cultural components

The relative location of a city reffers to its...

situation

What do cities in most countries in the developing world have in common?

urban areas are ringed by shantytowns

Segregation in the United States was reinforced by the financial practice known as...

redlining

Mountain ranges tend to harbor areas of great cultural complexity and tensions that are called...

shatterbelts

What is a mixed economy?

one that mixes characteristics of a command economy with those of a market economy

Which of the following is least likely to be studied by a political geographer?

time-distance decay

All of the following are good examples of multinational states except...

Iceland

What ultimately proved to be the undoing of the Monarchical Absolutism and its system of patronage during Europe's rebirth?

growing economic power of merchants

Which of the following political organizations of space evolved most recently in world history?

nation-states

Conflicts between the South American countries of Chile and Bolivia have centered on the issue of...

water access

The first major experiment in the regional supranationalism was undertaken in Europe before WW2 and involved the three countries...

Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands

The promotion of the acquisition of wealth through plunder, colonization, and the protection of home industries and foreign markets during Europe's rebirth was called...

mercantilism

The study of the spatial and territorial dimensions of power relationships within the global political-territorial order is called...

geopolitics

Which of the following is not a generally accepted criterion for the existence of a liberal democracy...

military participation in the political system.

In its application to the European Union, which state faced criticisms by some of its opponents for not being "European enough" to gain admission?

Turkey

Which of the following is a forward capital?

Putrajaya, Malaysia

The present number of countries and territories in the world is around...

200

The current Canadian governmental organizational structure is best classified as...

federal

At the global scale political geographers study the spatial manifestations of political processes expressed in the organization of territories with permanent population, defined territory and a government. These spatial units are called...

states

According to Mackinder's Heartland theory, the British Empire would not last and would be replaced by a...

land-based power

The European state idea spread throughout the world through...

European colonialism

The first political geographer who studied the state in detail was Friedrich Ratzel who postulated that the state resembles a biological organism. His organic theory identified __________ as a state's essential life-giving force.

space

Participating in the United Nations serves the useful purpose of committing states to...

international standards of behavior

Which of the following supranational organizations has the power to establish peace keeping corces in 'hot spots' around the world?

the UN

According to world systems analysis which of the following countries would be best classified as being in the global economic periphery?

Colombia

To try to reduce the calls for revolutionary seccessions from Canada, the Canadian parliment has given Nunavut regions more autonomy, or local control. This situation best represents the geographic concept of...

devolution

The Marshal Plan was a post WW2 endeavor by the US to economically revive...

Europe

The boundaries of modern states are important symbols of...

sovereignty

The US and its allies entered the Vietnam conflict in part to prevent communists from gaining control of the Eurasian periphery, because that control would have led to domination of the world according to some geopolitical thinkers of the time. This justification is most closely associated with which of the following geographic concepts?

Rimland theory

The most important reasons that Singapore is one of the most prosperous states in the world is that it...

has a good relative location

Minority / majority districting is a relativity new form of...

Gerrymandering

Decolonization in Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia took place mainly...

during the second half of the 20th century

______________ is an example of a core country which never had a classical colonial power.

Singapore

One of the powerful impacts of colonialism was the construction of global order characterized by great differences in...

economic and political power

The boundaries of independent African states were drawn at the Berlin Conference and were essentially drawn...

arbitrarily

Integration is a process that allows states to gain political, economic, and social power by pooling their...

sovereignty

The political boundary dividing much of India from China is classified as...

physical (or natural)

War broke out between Mexico and the US in the mid 19th century in areas where many US citizens had settled and in the 1930's Germany invaded Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic now) and Poland, areas with German minorities. These examples of expansionism illustrates the concept of...

Irridentism

Sikhs in India, Muslim Palestinians in Israel, and Kurds in Iraq are all considered...

stateless nations

The Peace of Westphalia...

marked the beginning of the modern state of Europe

Which of the following is most likely to be a centrifugal force that negatively affects a nation-state?

strong separatist movements

Which country is not a permanent member to the UN security council?

Germany

The UN is not a world government, but in recent years individual states have asked the UN to do a number of different things, the most expensive of which is...

peacekeeping

Egypt and Ethiopia have developed a tense relationship over control of water from the Nile River. This conflict is best described as which type of boundary dispute?

allocational

The median-line principle is used to establish boundaries set by...

water

Modern day experiments with the transfer of some important powers from central governments to sub-governments encourages the process of...

devolution

Which of the following concepts is most basic to the study of politics?

spatial force

The League of Nations was created in 1919 as the first international organization that would include all nations of the world. Its success was dealt a serious blow by the failure of which country to join?

the United States

Which conclusion can best be drawn from the above three examples?

climate greatly influences the types of biomes found in different regions

Which of the following generalizations can be made from the above diagram?

altitude has an important impact on the kind of crops grown.

Which of the following morphological classifications best describes Slovakia?

elongated

The shape of South Africa, above, is an example of a...

perforated state

The countries shaded gray on the above map are...

the newest members of the European Union

Most scholars believe that seed cultivation (First Agricultural Revolution) occurred in...

the Fertile Crescent

The major exporter of corn in the world market today is...

US

The long-lot survey system was developed with the major intent of...

giving more people access to water transportation

Which of the following types of agriculture is most solidly based in horticulture?

Mediterranean agriculture

The size of milkshed areas around major cities has grown in recent years primarily because...

of the invention and use of refrigerated rail cars and trucks

Despite variations around the world, a village is defined by the occupation of its inhabitants in...

farming, herding, and fishing

Before the intervention of Europeans, the societies practicing subsistence farming were quite equal because...

the land was held in communal ownership

According to the Von Thunen model, the most important determinant of the location of agriculture production is the...

distance between the consuming center and the production site

Which of the following is not an example of subsistence agriculture?

hunting and gathering

According to the Koppen-Geoger climate classification, the UK has a...

humid temperate climate with no dry season and a cool summer

The most common worldwide pattern of agricultural settlement is...

nucleated settlement

All of the following statements about agriculture in commercial economic systems are true except...

in response to low farm prices and crop surpluses, it is being replaced by mid-latitude intensive subsistence farming and shifting cultivation

Intensive subsistence agriculture is characterized by...

high yields per unit of cultivated land

The most prevalent rural residential pattern in the world's agricultural areas is...

nucleated

All of the following are characteristics of modern industrial agriculture except...

predictable market prices from time of planting till harvest

A common criticism of agribusiness is that it has...

discouraged people in poorer countries from raising a variety of nutritious crops

An important reason why land plots tend to be smaller in Southern Europe than in Northern Europe is that in Southern Europe...

primogeniture is less frequently practiced

Which of the following areas does not have a mediterranean type climate?

southern Florida

The first plants domesticated in Southeast Asia, which included taro, yam and tree crops, were raised according to the practices of...

vegetative planting

The farming practices of enclosure and crop rotation were important innovations of the...

Second Agricultural Revolution

Which is not an example of a primary economic activity?

corn flake production

The form of agriculture that refers to a particular climate is...

Mediterranean

Wherever practiced, subsistence farming is oriented toward...

risk minimization

Biotechnology is most often applied to modern agriculture by the use of...

genetically altered crops

The lingering effect of colonial times on modern global agricultural patterns is reflected by the fact that people in poor countries...

still produce mostly raw materials for trade to richer countries

The supply curve indicates that as the price of a good increases...

more of it will be offerred for sale

Which commodity would be found closest to the market town in von Thunen's model?

milk

Which of the following characterizes modern commercial agriculture?

farm sizes are quite large

A form of subsistence agriculure in which fields are rotated after short periods of crop production is...

shifting cultivation

Intertillage is most commonly associated with...

shifting cultivation

Which of the following countries has most benefited from the Green Revolution?

China

Desertification has been a major consequence of overgrazing and overplanting of lands in...

Subsaharan Africa

Which of the following is the best general description of farming practices today in developing countries?

almost all farmers still practice intensive subsistence agriculture

In areas of shifting cultivation the population...

cannot have a high density

Geographer Lee Liu studying the spatial patterns of agriculture in parts of China found soils in intensively used fields near villages were....

overused and of poor fertility

All of the following statements about shifting or swidden cultivation are true EXCEPT...

low initial yeilds are followed by steadily increasing productivity that peaks at about ten years

The Green Revolution...

increases output through use of high-yeilding crop varieties and altered management practices

Which of the following fields of study has been most directly shaped by Von Thunen's model?

location theory

All of the following statements about nomadic herding are true except that it...

is increasing in importance as a the population dependent on it increases

Which of the following is not characteristic of intensive subsistence agriculture?

plots of land are usually large

Which of the following agricultural activities is widespread in the Northeastern US and Northwestern Europe?

dairying

The diagram above illustrates an important scientific theory. What does this theory claim?

millions of years ago, Earth's continents formed one giant continent

Use the following to answer question 43. Mexico City in central Mexico is closer to the equator than Houston, Texas. Its average summer temperatures are cooler than Houston's. What best explains this?

Mexico City has a higher elevation than Houston

The shaded areas on the map above are part of a region known as the world's...

breadbasket

Use the following chart to answer questions 45 and 46. The diffusion of crops, other plants, and animals illustrated on the chart above was called...

the Columbian Exchange

The diffusion identified in #45 above first began to impact world trade patterns during the...

16th century

The map above shows major regions of the world where...

shifting cultivation is common

The type of agriculture most associated with the area shaded gray on the map is...

livestock ranching

Questions 49 and 50 are based on the following chart. Which of the following countries is most clearly an example of a post-industrial society?

United Kingdom

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