List of Countries and When They Gained Independence and Who They Gained Independence From

194 terms by sid99

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Afghanistan

1919, from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs

Albania

1912, from Ottoman Empire

Algeria

1962, from France

Andorra

1278, was formed under the joint suzerainty of France and the Bishop of Urgell

Angola

1975, from Portugal

Antigua and Barbuda

1981, from United Kingdom

Argentina

1816, from Spain

Armenia

1991, from Soviet Union

Australia

1901, federation of United Kingdom colonies

Austria

1156, from Bavaria

Azerbaijan

1991, from Soviet Union

Bahamas

1973, from United Kingdom

Bahrain

1971, from United Kingdom

Bangladesh

1971, from West Pakistan

Barbados

1966, from United Kingdom

Belarus

1991, from Soviet Union

Belgium

1831, from the Netherlands

Belize

1981, from United Kingdom

Benin

1960, from France

Bhutan

1949, from India

Bolivia

1825, from Spain

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1992, from Yugoslavia

Botswana

1966, from United Kingdom

Brazil

1822, from Portugal

Brunei

1984, from United Kingdom

Bulgaria

1878, from Ottoman Empire

Burkina Faso

1960, from France

Burma

1948, from United Kingdom

Burundi

1962, from United Nations trusteeship under Belgian administration

Cambodia

1953, from France

Cameroon

1960, from French-administered United Nations trusteeship

Canada

1867, from United Kingdom

Cape Verde

1975, from Portugal

Central African Republic

1960, from France

Chad

1960, from France

Chile

1810, from Spain

China

221 BC, unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty 221 BC; Qing or Ch'ing Dynasty replaced by the Republic in 1912; People's Republic established 1949

Colombia

1810, from Spain

Comoros

1975, from France

Democratic Republic of the Congo

1960, from Belgium

Republic of the Congo

1960, from France

Costa Rica

1821, from Spain

Côte d'Ivoire

1960, from France

Croatia

1991, from Yugoslavia

Cuba

1902, from United States

Cyprus

1960, from United Kingdom

Czech Republic

1993, Czechoslovakia split

Denmark

first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy

Djibouti

1977, from France

Dominica

1978, from United Kingdom

Dominican Republic

1844, from Haiti

East Timor

2002, from Indonesia

Ecuador

1822, from Spain

Egypt

1922, from United Kingdom

El Salvador

1821, from Spain

Equatorial Guinea

1968, from Spain

Eritrea

1993, from Ethiopia

Estonia

1991, from Soviet Union

Ethiopia

oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years

Fiji

1970, from United Kingdom

Finland

1917, from Russia

France

486, unified by Clovis

Gabon

1960, from France

The Gambia

1965, from United Kingdom

Georgia

1991, from Soviet Union

Germany

1871, German empire reunification; divided into four zones of occupation (United Kingdom, United States, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and later, France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 1949 and included the former United Kingdom, United States, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 1949 and included the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics zone; unification of West Germany and East Germany took place in 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights in 1991

Ghana

1957, from United Kingdom

Greece

1829, from the Ottoman Empire

Grenada

1974, from United Kingdom

Guatemala

1821, from Spain

Guinea

1958, from France

Guinea-Bissau

1973, unilaterally declared by Guinea-Bissau; 1974, recognized by Portugal

Guyana

1966, from United Kingdom

Haiti

1804, from France

Honduras

1821, from Spain

Hungary

1001, unification by King Stephen I

Iceland

1944, from Denmark

India

1947, from United Kingdom

Indonesia

1945, proclaimed independence; in 1949 Indonesia became legally independent from the Netherlands

Iran

1979, Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed

Iraq

1932, from League of Nations mandate under British administration

Ireland

1921, from United Kingdom by treaty

Israel

1948, from League of Nations mandate under British administration

Italy

1861, Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was not finally unified until 1870

Jamaica

1962, from United Kingdom

Japan

660 BC, traditional founding by Emperor Jimmu

Jordan

1946, from League of Nations mandate under British administration

Kazakhstan

1991, from the Soviet Union

Kenya

1963, from United Kingdom

Kiribati

1979, from United Kingdom

North Korea

1945, from Japan

South Korea

1945, from Japan

Kuwait

1961, from United Kingdom

Kyrgyzstan

1991, from Soviet Union

Laos

1949, from France

Latvia

1991, from Soviet Union

Lebanon

1943, from League of Nations mandate under French administration

Lesotho

1966, from United Kingdom

Liberia

1847

Libya

1951, from Italy

Liechtenstein

1719, Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein established; 1806, established independence from the Holy Roman Empire

Lithuania

1990, independence declared from Soviet Union; 1991, Soviet Union recognizes independence

Luxembourg

1839, from the Netherlands

Macedonia

1991, from Yugoslavia

Madagascar

1960, from France

Malawi

1964, from United Kingdom

Malaysia

1957, from United Kingdom

Maldives

1965, from United Kingdom

Mali

1960, from France

Malta

1964, from United Kingdom

Marshall Islands

1986, from the United States-administered United Nations trusteeship

Mauritania

1960, from France

Mauritius

1968, from United Kingdom

Mexico

1810, from Spain

Micronesia

1986, from the United States-administered United Nations trusteeship

Moldova

1991, from Soviet Union

Monaco

1419, beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi

Mongolia

1921, from China

Montenegro

2006

Morocco

1956, from France

Mozambique

1975, from Portugal

Namibia

1990, from South African mandate

Nauru

1968, from the Australia, New Zealand, and United Kingdom-administered United Nations trusteeship

Nepal

1768, unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah

Netherlands

1579, from Spain

New Zealand

1907, from United Kingdom

Nicaragua

1821, from Spain

Niger

1958, from France

Nigeria

1960, from United Kingdom

Norway

1905, Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved; In 1905, Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union

Oman

1650, expulsion of the Portuguese

Pakistan

1947, from United Kingdom

Palau

1994, from the United States-administered United Nations trusteeship

Panama

1903, from Colombia; became independent from Spain in 1821

Papua New Guinea

1975, from the Australian-administered United Nations trusteeship

Paraguay

1811, from Spain

Peru

1821, from Spain

Philippines

1946, from United States

Poland

1918, independent republic proclaimed

Portugal

1140, independent republic proclaimed 1910

Qatar

1971, from United Kingdom

Romania

1881, from Turkey; republic proclaimed 1947

Russia

1991, when Soviet Union dissolved

Rwanda

1962, from Belgium-administered United Nations trusteeship

Saint Kitts and Nevis

1983, from United Kingdom

Saint Lucia

1979, from United Kingdom

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

1979, from United Kingdom

Samoa

1962, from New Zealand-administered United Nations trusteeship

San Marino

301

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set