5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Formal Amendment Process
- Consent of the Governed
- Federalist #10
- a agreement by the people of a nation to subject themselves to the authority to a government. Natural rights philosophers, such as John Locke, believe that any legitimate government must draw its authority from the consent of the governed.
- b They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. After the ratification of the Constitution, the Antifederalists regrouped as the Democratic-Republican (or simply Republican) party.
- c Article V; the (very difficult) process of adding or deleting words to the constitution (27 times since 1788); propose by 2/3 vote of Congress or Constitutional Convention (never used); ratify by 3/4 vote of state legislators or state convention (only used once)
- d Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong. They didn't want the Bill of Rights because they felt citizens' rights were already well protected by the Constitution.
- e by James Madison, says how to guard against factions, special interest groups, by extending the sphere and making sure nobody gets too much power
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- powers given to the state government alone
- This clause states that Congress has the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the states, and with the Indian tribes.
- federal sharing of a fixed percentage of its revenue with the states
- important tools for influencing policy at the state and local level. Congress authorizes grants, establishes rules for how grants may be used, and decides how much control the states have over federal funds. Two types of grants
- Legislature: Pass laws
Executive: negotiate executive agreements with other countries
Judiciary: Judicial Review
5 True/False Questions
Federal Systems → government systems that divide the powers between the national government and state or provincial governments
Direct Democracy → A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
Federalism → a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Bill of Rights → the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Articles of Confederation → way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take