5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Delegated Powers
- Revenue Sharing
- John Locke
- Natural Rights
- Federalist #10
- a by James Madison, says how to guard against factions, special interest groups, by extending the sphere and making sure nobody gets too much power
- b the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
- c federal sharing of a fixed percentage of its revenue with the states
- d English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
- e Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Hamilton explained why strong strong government is necessary : "If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angles were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary."
- They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. After the ratification of the Constitution, the Antifederalists regrouped as the Democratic-Republican (or simply Republican) party.
- a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
- A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the central government. Most national government today are these.
- powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
5 True/False Questions
Strict Construction → a person who interprets the constitution in a way that allows the federal government to take actions that the constitution does not specifically forbid it from taking.
Formal Amendment Process → Article V; the (very difficult) process of adding or deleting words to the constitution (27 times since 1788); propose by 2/3 vote of Congress or Constitutional Convention (never used); ratify by 3/4 vote of state legislators or state convention (only used once)
National Supremacy → the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
The Great Compromise → the agreement by which the number of each state's representatives in Congress would be based on a count of all the free people plus three-fifths of the slaves
Ratification → The Doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federalm law that, in the state's opinion, violates the Constitution