the agreement by which people define and limit their individual rights, thus creating an organized society or government
Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
Discovered that planets have elliptical orbits
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.
Member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvement of society
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Seperation of Powers
The division of a central government into two or more branches, each having its own responsibilites and authorities.
This physicist developed the law of universal gravitation and further caused the decline of the old system of science
French philosopher and writer whose works epitomize the Age of Enlightenment, often attacking injustice and intolerance; freedom of speech
English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood
Mathematician/Astronomer who believed the Earth was the center of the universe
Blank Slate Theory
theory of John Locke in which all men are born free and equal
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
the Enlighenment writer who believed in seperation of powers
"The Social Contract", people are born good but environment and education corrupts them
physician who published the first accurate and detailed study of human anatomy
believed in reform of the criminal justice system