Prince Henry "The Navigator"
Captured North African Port of Ceuta from the Muslims (1415). Sponsored a navigational school in Lisbon and sponsored expeditions to find a route to India around Africa
Vasco de Gama
First to reach coast of India (1498). Used cannons and squadrons to defeat Arab fleets.
1519 circumnavigated the globe, died in Philippines;discovered that columbus had found new continent, not asia
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
Treaty by which Pope Alexander VI divided new lands between Portugal and Spain. Portugal got Africa (and Brazil) and Spain got New World
System of forced labor in the Americas, almost slavery
Dutch East India Company
Dutch company founded in 1602, combined government management of trade with both public and private investment. The formation of the company created a permanent pool of capital to sustain trade and resulted in a dramatic expansion of commerce with Asia
European trade agreement with Africa dealing with slaves brought from Africa. Integral part of Triangle Trade between the Americas, Africa, and Europe.
this was an economic strategy for nations who sought to create a self-sufficient economy by creating a favorable balance of trade where one's country exported more than it imported.
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
Italian born navigator explored the coast of New England, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. Gave England a claim in North America.
A Dutch colonist or descendant of a Dutch colonist in South Africa.
a person of racially mixed ancestry, esp., in Latin America, of mixed American Indian and European, usually Spanish or Portuguese, ancestry, or, in the Philippines, of mixed native and foreign ancestry.
Samuel de Champlain
1567-1635, French explorer in the Americas: founder of Quebec; first colonial governor 1633-35.
(14 May 1737 - 31 May 1806) was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat.
1446?-1506, Italian navigator in Spanish service: traditionally considered the discoverer of America 1492
a person whose ancestry is a mixture of Negro and Caucasian
De Las Casa
(November 1484 - July 1566), was a 16th-century Spanish Dominican priest, writer and the first resident Bishop of Chiapas. As a settler in the New World he witnessed, and was driven to oppose, the torture and genocide of the Native Americans by the Spanish colonists.
a navigator who made three voyages for France to the North American continent between 1534 and 1542. He explored the St. Lawrence River and gave Canada its name.