the process by which plants, algae, and some microorganisms harness solar energy and convert it into chemical energy
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more electrons from one reactant to another; also called oxidation-reduction reaction.
consumers, they rely on other organisms for their energy and food supply
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation
a quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic energy that interacts with matter similarly to particles
distance a photon moves during a complete vibration
organelles of photosynthesis in plants and algae
thick fluid contained in the inner membrane of a chloroplast
a stack of thylakoids within a chloroplast
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy to chemical energy.
inner compartment of the Thylakoid
green photosynthetic pigment in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria
energy capturing pigment molecules other than chlorophyll a. inlcudes chlorphyll b and carotenoids
occur in the thylakoid membranes, convert solar energy to chemical energy
Second stage of photosynthesis.
Occur in choloroplasts' stroma.
Use ATP and NADPH from first stage, to reduce carbon dioxide to glucose.
unit consisting of chlorophyll a aggregated with other pigment molecules and proteins that anchor the entire complex in the membrane
only chlorophyll a molecule that uses the energy in photosynthetic reaction
capture photon energy and funnel it to the reaction center
The incorporation of carbon from carbon dioxide into an organic compound by an autotrophic organism.