drugs

40 terms by robmccready04 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

acetominophen

analgesic 325 - 650mg 4-6hrs

activated charcoal

adsorbent 1g/kg mixed with 6-8 oz water

adenosine

antidysrthymic indications - narrow complex paroxysmal supraventricular yacht contraindications - hypersensitive 2nd, 3rd degree heart block 6mg rapidly over 1-2 second, flush with saline. innefective 12mg 1-2 min

albuterol

2 inhalation 2.5 mg

amiodarone

antidysrhymic indication- life threaten ventricular and supra dysrhymias contra- hypersensitive, cardiogenic shock, sinus Brady 150-300mg iv over 10min 1mg/min over 6 hrs

asprin

analgesic indication- chest pain sug of MI, fever contra- hypersensitive, ulcer, asthma, gi bleed 160-325mg

atropine

parasympatholytic blocks para nervous system indication- bradycardia, organophosphate poisoning contra- glaucoma, high grade heart block symptomatic Brady, .5-1mg iv 2mg ET. repeat in 5 min. up to 1mg asystole 1mg iv or 2 gmt ET may repeat 3-5min up to .04mg/kg organophosphate poisoning 2-5mg iv,im, io 10-15min

calcium chloride

positive inotropic drug indication- hyperkalemia, hypermagnesemia, symptomatic calcium channel blocked overdose contra- ventricular fib 2-4mg /kg iv 10 min as needed.

coumadin

anticoagulant

cyanokit

antidote cyanide poisoning 5g lyophilized hydroxocobalamin in 200ml ns

d50

hypertonic glucose solution 25g D50w iv

Diazepam (valium)

Class. antianxiety, hypnotic, sedative indication- major motor seizure, premedicate before cardioversion contra- hypersensitivity, shock, coma seizure- 5-10mg iv/im acute anxiety- 2-5mg iv/im premedicate- 5-15mg iv

diltiazem (Cardizem)

Class. calcium channel blocker indication- supraventricular tachydysthrymias (a fib, a flutter, psvt refractory to adensine) Contra- hypersensive, sick sinus syndrome, 2nd-3rd degree heart block, wide complex tachy .25mg/kg iv over 2 minutes, may repeat with .35mg/kg followed by drip of 5-10mg/hr not to exceed 15mg/hr over 24hrs

Diphenhydramine (benadryl)

Class. antihistamine indication. anaphlaxis, allergic reaction contra. asthma, lower resp disease 25-50mg iv/im

Dopamine/inotropin

class. sympathomimetic indication. nonhypovolemic hypotension (70-100mmhg) and cardiogenic shock contra. hypovolemic hypotention without aggressive fluid resusictation, tachydysrhythmiaa 2-5mcg/kg/min up to 20mcg/kg/min

Epinepherine (adrenalin)

Class. sympathomimetic indication. restore rythm in cardia arrest and sever allergic reaction, enhance ROSC

Etomidate/ Amidate

Class. Hypnotic anesthetic without effect Indication. induce sedation for RSI Contr. Hypersensitive 0.1-0.3mg/kg iv over 15-30 sec

Furosemide (Lasix)

Class. rapid acting loop diuretic Indication. CHF, Pul Edema Contr. Hypersensitv to furosemide 40-120mg slow iv

Glucagon

Class, Hormone, antihypoglycemic Indication. hypoglycemia without iv access Contr. hypersenitiv to glucagon or protein compounds hypoglycemia, 1mg im/sc repeat 15-20min Beta blocker OD, 50-150mg/kg iv over 1 min

HALOPERIDOL / HALDOL

CLASS. ANTIPSYCHOTIC INDICATION. ACUTE PSYCHOTIC EPISODES CONTRAINDICATION. PARKINSONS, SEIZURE DISORDER, COMA CNS DEPRESSION 2-5mg IM

IBUPROFEN

CLASS. NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMITORY DRUG INDICATION. REDUCE FEVER AND MINOR PAIN CONTRAINDICAITON. SENSITIVE, ULCER, GI BLEED 200-400mg PO/ 4-6 HRS UP TO 1,200 A DAY

IPRATROPIUM/ ATROVENT

CLASS. ANTICHOLINGERGIC INDICATION. BRONCHOSPASM W/ ASTHMA, COPD AND INHALED IRRITANTS CONTRAINDICATION. HYPERSENSITIVE TO ATROPINE 500mcg IN 2.5-3ML VIA NEBULIZER

LABETOLOL / TRANDATE / NORMODYNE

CLASS BETA BLOCKER INDICATION. ACUTE HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS CONTRAINDICATION. ASTHMA, CHF, 2ND OR 3RD DEGREE HEART BLOCK, SEVER BRADYCARDIA, HYPOTENSION 20mg SLOW IV THEN 40-80mg/ 10 MIN AS NEEDED

LIDOCAINE/ XYLOCAINE

CLASS. ANTIDYSRHYTHMIC, ANESTHETIC INDICATION. PULSELESS VENTRIC TACHY, V FIB OR V TACH CONTRAINDICATION. HYPERSENSITIVE TO ANESTHETIC, 2ND OR 3RD DEGREE HEART BLOCK, BRADYCARDIA CARDIAC ARREST. 1-1.5mg/KG IV REPEATED EVERY 3-5 MIN UP TO 3mg/KG VTACH W/ PULSE. 1-1.5mg/KG SLOW IV. MAY REPEAT @ 1/2 DOSE EVERY 5-10 MIN UNTIL CONVERSION UP TO 3mg/KG

LORAZEPAM/ ATIVAN

CLASS. SEDATIVE, ANTI SEIZURE EFFECTS INDICATION. SEDATION FOR CARDIOVERSION AND STATUS EPILEPTICUS, SEVERE ANXIETY CONTRAINDICAITON. SENSITIVITY TO BENZOS, NARROW ANGLE GLAUCOMA, KNOWN LIVER AND KIDNEY FAILURE SEDATION. 2-4mg IM, .5-2MG IV EPILEPTICUS. 2mg SLOW IV/PR (2MG/MIN)

MAG SULFATE/ MAGNESIUM

CLASS. ELECTROLYTE INDICATION. REFRACTORY V FIB AND PULSELESS V TACH (TORSADES DE POINTES) CONTRAINIDICATION. HEART BLOCK, MYOCARDIAL DAMAGE, SHOCK, PERSISTENT HYPERTENSION VFIB/ TACHY 1-2g IV OF 2 MIN TORSADES 1-2g IV FOLLOWD BY INFUSION OF .5-1g/HR IV AMI. 1-2g IV OVER 5-30 MIN ECLAMPSIA. 2-4g IV/IM

METHYLPREDNISOLONE / SOLU-MEDROL

CLASS. CORTICOSTEROID, ANTIINFLAMMATORY INDICATION. SPINAL CORD INJURY, ASTHMA, SEVERE ANAPHYLAXIS, COPD CONTRAINDICAITON. PREMATURE INFANTS, FUNGAL INFECTIONS ASTHMA/COPD/ANAPHYLAXIS 125-250mg IV/IM SPINAL CORD INJURY 30mg/kg IV OVER 15 MIN, AFTER 45 MIN AN INFUSION OF 5.4mg/KG/HR

MIDAZOLAM/ VERSED

CLASS. SEDATIVE INDICATION. TO INDUCE SEDATION BEFORE CARDIOVERSION OR INTUBATION CONTRAINDICATION. HYPERSENSITIVE TO BENZO, NARROW ANGLE GLAUMCOMA, SHOCK, COMA, PREGNANCY 1-2.5mg SLOW IV/ .07-.08mg/kg IM (USUALLY 5MG)

MORPHINE SULFATE/ MORPHINE

CLASS. NARCOTIC ANALGESIC/ OPIOD ANALGESIC INDICAITON. MODERATE TO SEVERE PAIN AND IN AMI, TO REDUCE VENOUS RETURN IN PULMONARY EDEMA CONTRAINDICATION. HYPERSENSITIVE TO OPIODS, HYPOTENSION, ACUTE BRONCHIAL ASTHMA, SEVERE RESP DEP PAIN. 2.5-15mg IV, 5-20mg IM/SC AMI/PE. 1-2mg / 6-10MIN TO RESPONSE

NALOXONE/ NARCAN

CLASS. NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST INDICATION. NARCOTIC AND SYNTHETIC NARCOTIC OVERDOSE, RESP DEP, COMA CONTRAINDICATION. HYPERSENSITVE TO THE DRUG, SEVERE RESPONSE TO WITHDRAWL .4-2mg IV/IM (2-2.5 TIMES DOSE FOR ET) REPEAT 2-3 MIN AS NEEDED UP TO 10MG

NITROGLYCERIN/ NITROSTAT

CLASS. NITRATE INDICATION. CHEST PAIN ASST. WITH AGINA AND AMI, ACUTE PUL EDEMA, HYPERTENSION, ACUTE CHF CONTRAINDICAITON. HYPERSENSITIVE, TOLERANCE TO NITRATES, SEVERE ANEMIA, HEAD TRAUMA, HYPOTENSION, INCREASED ICP 1 TABLET, 1 SPRAY SL (.4MG) 1" PASTE. MAY REPEAT 3-5 MIN UP TO 3 TIMES

NITROUS OXIDE/ NITRONOX

CLASS. ANALGESIC GAS INDICATION. MUSCLESKELETAL, BURN, CHESTPAIN, SEVERE ANXIETY CONTRAINDICATION. BOWEL OBSTRUCTION, PNUEMOTHORAX, COPD, HEAD INJURY SELF ADMIN UNTIL PAIN RELIEVED

ONDANSETRON/ ZOFRAN

CLASS. ANTEMETIC INDICATION. NAUSEA, VOMITING CONTRAINIDATON. HYPERSENSITIVE 4mg SLOW IV BOLUS OR IM

PLAVIX

INDICATION. ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME, RECENT MI, STROKE CONTRAINDICATION. PEPTIC ULCERS, INTRACRANIAL HEMORAGE 300mg "LOAD" DOSE FOLLOWED BY 75MG ONCE DAY

PRADAXA

CLASS. DIRECT THROMBIN INHIBITOR INDICATION. REDUCE RISK OF STROKE AND SYSTEMIC EMBOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH NO VALVULAR ATRIAL FIB CONTRAINDICATION. ACTIVE PATHOLOGICAL BLEED 75-150mg TWICE DAILY

PRALIDOXIME

CLASS. CHOLINESTERASE REACTIVATOR INDICATION. ORGANOPHOSPHATE POISON CONTRAINDICAITON. PEPTIC ULCER, SEVERE CARDIAC DISEASE 1-2g IN 250-500ML NS INFUSED OVER 15-30 MIN

RACEMIC EPINEPHRINE

CLASS. SYMPATHOMIMETIC AGONIST INDICAITON. CROUP CONTRAINDICATION. HYPERSENSITIVE, HYPERTENSION OR EPIGLOTITIS .25-.75ml OF A 2.25% SOLUTION IN 2ML NS ONCE BY NEBULIZER

SODIUM BICARB

CLASS. ALKALIZING AGENT, POSITIVE INOTROPIC DRUG INDICATION. BARBITUATE OVERDOSE, REFRACTORY ACIDOSIS, HYPERKALEMIA CONTRAINDICAITON. NONE 1mEq/kg iv, then .5mEq/kg/10 min

thiamine

class. vitamin indication. coma/ unknown, alcoholism/ coma contraindication. none 10-50mg iv/im

succinylcholine/ acectine

class. depolarizing neuromuscular blocker (paralyzer) indication. facilitated ET, adjunct to general anesthesia contraindication. hypersensitive, family history malignant hyperthermia, penetrated eye injury 1-1.5mg/kg iv/im

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set