5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Clara Barton
- Election of 1824
- Marbury v. Madison
- Know-Nothing Party
- Fort Sumter
- a This election was also referred to as the "corrupt bargain." John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, and Andrew Jackson were the main candidates. They were all "Republicans." The House of Representatives had to break the tie between Adams, Crawford, and Jackson. Clay had a large say in this because he was Speaker of the House at that time. Adams was elected president, and Clay became secretary of state. Adams and Clay had a lot of common politically because they were both fervid nationalists and advocates of the American System. Supposedly, Adams had bribed Clay with the position of Secretary of State to make him president over Jackson, the people's first choice. Therefore, Jacksonians were very angry and said the whole thing was corrupt. There is no evidence of a secret dealing between Clay and Adams.
- b Site of the opening engagement of the Civil War. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina had seceded from the Union, and had demanded that all federal property in the state be surrendered to state authorities. Major Robert Anderson concentrated his units at Fort Sumter, and, when Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861, Sumter was one of only two forts in the South still under Union control. Learning that Lincoln planned to send supplies to reinforce the fort, on April 11, 1861, Confederate General Beauregard demanded Anderson's surrender, which was refused. On April 12, 1861, the Confederate Army began bombarding the fort, which surrendered on April 14, 1861. Congress declared war on the Confederacy the next day.
- c A party which pushed for political action against these newcomers. They displayed the feelings of America regarding newcomers that were different and therefore, the double standard of the country.
- d Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
- e The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress, (the Judiciary Act of 1789).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Houston's force captured Santa Anna, under threat of death the leader signed a treaty that recognized Texas' independence
- He was a black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves. He wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World." It called for a bloody end to white supremacy. He believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.
- The 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). He tried to maintain a balance between proslavery and antislavery factions, but his moderate views angered radicals in both North and South, and he was unable to forestall the secession of South Carolina on December 20, 1860.
- An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
- religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)
5 True/False Questions
Erie canal → A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. The canal, considered a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North and allowed northern manufacturers to ship finished goods to sell in the West.
Lincoln-Douglas Debate → A party which pushed for political action against these newcomers. They displayed the feelings of America regarding newcomers that were different and therefore, the double standard of the country.
Gag rule → a rule limiting or preventing debate on an issue
Compromise of 1850 → Series of legislation addressing slavery and the boundaries of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. California was admitted as a free state, Texas received financial compensation for relinquishing claim to lands West of the Rio Grande river, the territory of New Mexico was organized with popular sovereignty, the slave trade was abolished in Washington, D.C., and the Fugitive Slave Law was passed It temporarily defused sectional tensions in the United States, postponing the secession crisis and the American Civil War. Also repealed the compromise of 1820.
Monroe doctrine → A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.