APES semester 2 exam chapter 18

14 terms by kathrynemoore 

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risk

the possibility of suffering hard from a hazard that can cause injury, disease, death, economic loss, or environmental damage

risk assessment

scientific process of estimating how much hard a particular hazard can cause to human health or the environment

risk management

deciding whether or how to reduced a particular risk to a certain level and at what cost

nontransmissible disease

not caused by living organisms and does not spread from one person to another

transmissible disease

disease that is caused by living organisms and can spread from one person to another by air, water, food, or body fluids

toxic chemical

chemical that adverserly affects the health of a living human or animal by causing injury, illness, or death and can be temporary or permanent

mutagens

chemicals or forms of radiation that cause or increase the frequency of mutations, or changes in the DNA molecules found in cells

teratogens

chemicals that cause harm or birht defects to a fetus or embryo

carcinogens

chemiclas or types of radiation that can cause or promote cancer

metastasis

malignant cells break off from tumors and travel in body fluids to other parts of the body

toxicology

science that examines the effects of harmful chemicals on humans, wildlife, and ecosystems

toxicity

a measure of how harmful a substance is in causing injury, illness, or death to a living organism

dose

amount of a substance a person has ingested, inhaled, or absored through the skin

response

the type and amount of health damage that result from exposure to a chemical or other agent

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