a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
the precipitation that occurs when moist air rises up the side of a mountain
are the areas that share similar tempatures and precipation throughout the year
What is scarcity?
a small and inadequate amount
Contracting with an outside company to provide a service or product instead of providing it from within the organization.
Rural vs. Urban
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
What is Seperatism?
belief that parts of the country should be independent
The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention
What is Substinence farming?
growing just enough food to feed own families
crops that could be sold for money
organization of the petroleum exporting countries
What is Dependency?
a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
Dishonesty or improper behavior in a person of authority
intervention designed to enhance democratic practices in another country
Explain what the Ring of fire is
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Chinese ethical and philosophical teachings of Confucius which emphasized education, family, peace, and justice
religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha; taught that the way to find truth was to give up all desires
Religion located in Japan and related to Buddhism. Shintoism focuses particularly on nature and ancestor worship.
What is the dynastic cycle?
the historical pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties.
mandate of heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
When you exceed a resource's natural replacement rate and the available supply begins to shrink
Buildings, roads, and other forms of transportation
almost or completely surrounded by land
requiring strict obedience to an authority, such as a dictator
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
includes the size of its population, its demographic (e.g. age, gender), physical size of nation state, location on the globe.
the process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade
Distribution of Wealth
how wealth is divided among the members of the economy. Because it is unequally distributed, it was a cause of the Great Depression. (see overproduction)
a destructive tropical storm that forms over the Pacific Ocean
a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
Great rift valley
The longest crack in the world's surface, separating eastern Africa from the rest of the continent.
in Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste
indigenous people of New Zealand