MS Health Review

46 terms by rachelmelody 

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DSISD 2011-2012

Testes

produce testosterone

menopause

when women stop menstruating
around 50

infectious disease

spread by food, water, environment, animals
any disease caused by an agent that has invaded the body

bacteria

tiny, single-celled organisms
some can cause disease

virus

tiny disease-causing particle that consists of genetic material and a protein coat

Amebic dysentery

an inflammation of the intestine caused by an ameba

fungus

an organism that absorbs and uses nutrients of living or dead organisms

pathogen

any agent that causes disease

antibiotic

kills or slows growth of bacteria

white blood cells

blood cell whose primary job is to defend the body against disease

meningitis

inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

antibiotic resistance

a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic

lymphatic system

a network of vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph throughout the body

salmonellosis

caused by eating contaminated foods
bacterial infection of digestive system

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

symptom

change a person notices in body or mind that is caused by a disease or disorder

inflammation

reaction to injury or infection that is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling

vaccine

substance prepared from weakened or killed pathogens introduced into a body to produce immunity

lifestyle disease

disease caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors

stroke

sudden attack of weakness or paralysis when blood flow to an area of the brain is affected

heart attack

the damage and loss of function in an area of the heart muscle

diabetic coma

a loss of consciousness that happens when there is too much blood sugar and a buildup of toxic substances in the blood

cancer

disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth

benign tumor

an abnormal but usually harmless cell mass

insulin

a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream

atherosclerosis

disease characterized by the buildup of fatty materials on the inside walls of the arteries

smoking

controllable risk factor

high blood pressure

hypertension- when blood pressure is consistently over 150/90

malignant tumor

a mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue

puberty

the period of human development during which people become able to produce children

hormones

a chemical substance made and released in one part of the body that causes a change in another part of the body

midlife crisis

the sense of uncertainty about one's identity and values that some people experience in the middle of their lives

young adulthood

21-35
many physical, emotional, and mental changes
choose to marry, have kids
financial independence

middle adulthood

35-65
midlife crisis
menopause
begin to accept death
emotional maturity

older adulthood

65+
retire from jobs
Alzheimer's disease

osteoporosis

thinning of the bones

Alzheimer's disease

disease in which a person gradually loses mental capacities and the ability to carry out daily activities

life expectancy

average length of time an individual is expected to live

diabetes (type one)

treated by insulin injections

cancer treatment

surgery, chemotherapy, radiation

controllable risk factors

smoking, diet, alcohol, exercise, weight

uncontrollable risk factors

age, ethnicity, heredity

benefits of marriage

emotional intimacy
companionship
financial stability
emotional stability

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

Tetanus

spread by contaminated soil

disability

physical or mental impairment that interferes with normal activities

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