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Akkadian

a Mesopotamian empire that conquered Sumer from the North in 2300B.C.E

Babylonian

a thriving Mesopotamian empire under Hammurabi who united his people under a supreme god, Marduk,

Assyrian

a warlike empire who came into power after Hammurabi in 900B.C.E and was known for inventing weapons and war strategies.

Neo-Babylonian

a new Babylonian empire who restored Babylon to its former greatness.

empire

a large territory where several groups of people are ruled by a single powerful leader or government.

Sargon

A strong Akkadian king and general who created the world's first empire and passed his power on to his son.

capital

a city that is the center of government

tribute

wealth sent from one country or ruler to another as a sign that the other is superior.

Hammurabi

the king of Babylon who conquered the Akkadian Empire, invented a postal system and wrote a code of law.

Agade

the capital city during Akkadian rule

Babylon

the capital city during Babylonian rule

Hammurabi's code

a detailed set of laws that covered many situations. It was the first set of laws applied equally to everyone.

wages

money earned for doing work

cruelty

to treat something unfairly or harshly. The Assyrians were feared for this quality.

loom

a machine used for weaving wool into cloth

flourished

to grow stronger and thrive

battering ram

a powerful weapon with a wooden beam mounted on wheels used to break down doors and invented by the Assyrians.

siege

a military blockade and attack on a city to force it to surrender.

Nineveh

the capital city during life in the Assyrian Empire.

aqueduct

a pipe or channel that brings water from distant places.

bas-relief

a sculpture in which the image projects out from a flat surface (usually a wall).

Nebuchadrezzar

The Neo-Babylonians most famous king who was a ruthless military leader.

Hanging Gardens

This feature of Babylon were one of the wonders of the ancient world because the sight of trees and bushes in the desert was stunning.

astronomy

study of the stars, planets and the universe

sundial

a tool that uses the position of shadows cast by the sun to tell the time of day

achievement

something done successfully; something gained by working or trying hard

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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