Second Semester Exam

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ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission)

a federal regulatory agency that governed over the rules and regulations of the railroading industry.

FTC (Federal Trade Commission)

protects consumers from misleading and fraudulent advertising. Reviews advertising claims. Can order a company to change their ad

NAACP (National Association of the Advancement of Colored People)

organization that worked to find employment and to secure civil rights for African Americans

RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)

loaned money to banks, insurance companies, and railroads so that they would stay in business

FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee)

investigated charges of discrimination in army or work places

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment

SDS (Students for a Democratic Society)

a student organization that opposed the war in vietnam and held marches

SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative)

Reagan's plan that attempted to create a defensive shield, reducing the threat of MAD; nicknamed "star wars"

INF (Intermediate Nuclear Force)

both superpowers agreed to get rid of their stockpiles of missiles and allowed each other to inspect the other side to prevent cheating

NOW (National Organization for Women)

organization that wanted Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to enforce its legal mandate to end sex discrimination

ERA (Equal Rights Amendment)

promised equal treatment for men and women in all areas

HUAC (House of Un-American Activities Committee)

a congressional Committee that investigated Commmunist influence inside and outside the US gov. after WWII

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)

allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada

SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)

negotiations between the US and Soviet Union; designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons

AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act)

attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II

TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)

relief, recover, and reform; one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area

NRA (National Recovery Administration)

a powerful lobby that advocates the right to own and bear arms and rejects any gun regulation by the government

WPA (Works Progress Administration)

massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII

CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)

relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.

SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)

an independent federal agency that oversees the exchange of securities to protect investors

FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)

a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions

16th Amendment

authorized federal income tax

17th Amendment

provided for the direct election of Senators by the people

18th Amendment

prohibited sale and production of intoxication liquors

19th Amendment

gave women the right to vote

20th Amendment

reduce the amount of time between the election of the President and Congress and the beginning of their terms

21st Amendment

ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealed the 18th amendment

22nd Amendment

limits the president to two terms

23rd Amendment

gave residents of Washington DC the right to vote

24th Amendment

outlawed the poll tax

25th Amendment

presidential succession, vice presidential vacancy, and presidential disability

26th Amendment

lowered the voting age from 21 to 18

27th Amendment

regulates pay (raises for members of Congress)

Mary E. Lease

lecturer, writer, and political activist; advocate of the suffrage movement as well as temperance but she was best known for her work with the Populist party.

Margaret Sanger

founder of birth control

Dorothea Lange

photographed migrant farm workers during the Great Depression; inspired government aid programs and Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath

Eleanor

...

Ethel Rosenberg

convicted and executed in 1953 for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union; records opened after the end of the Cold War suggest her husband was guilty, but she didn't have anything to do with it

Lucille Ball

Actress and TV star of the comedy series, "I Love Lucy"

Rosa Parks

civil rights worker whose arrest in 1955 touched off the Montgomery bus boycott

Rachel Carson

marine biologist, author of Silent Spring ->inspired concern for the environment

Betty Friedan

feminist author; critized limited roles for women in her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique

Gloria Steinem

journalist, women's rights leader since 1960s; founded Ms. Magazine in 1972 to cover women's issues

Phyllis Schlafly

conservative activist; led campaign during the 1870s and 1980s to block the Equal Rights Amendment

Sandra Day O'Connor

first women Supreme Court Justice; appointed by President Reagan in 1981

Sinclair

writer of The Jungle->argued for social reform

Langston Hughes

writer active during the Harlem Renaissance

Louis Armstrong

jazz musician famous for his long trumpet solos and "scat" singing

F. Scott Fitzgerald

novelist who depicted the US and the world during the 1920s in novels such as The Great Gatsby

Woodrow Wilson Guthrie

one of the muscians most closely associated with the plight of American workers during the great depression; began his career as a hillbilly singer

M Anderson

...

Walt Disney

United States film maker who pioneered animated cartoons and created such characters as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck

Elvis Presley

an American singer, actor, and musician who was cultural icon; known as "the King of Rock 'n' Roll"; one of the most influential artists in music's history

Ralph Nader

consumer advocate; published Unsafe at Any Speed in 1965, criticizing auto safety and inspiring new safety laws; Green Party candidate for president in the 2000 election

Bruce Springsteen

his lyrics lamented the disappearance of the white working class, became the decade's most popular new rock artist

Plessy v. Ferguson

supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal

Brown v. Board of Education

court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place

Swann v. Mecklenburg County Board of Education

important US Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

1978 state university couldn't admit less qualified individuals solely based on race; no quotas

Roe v. Wade

1973 Supreme Court case that legalized abortion

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