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Chapter 3

Indo-Aryan religious text

Vedas

Mark the seasons on the Indian subcontinent

Monsoons

Part of a code of ethics in Buddhism

Four Noble Truths

Unity of God and creation

Monism

Social class system

caste system

Fierce ruler who became a Buddhist

Asoka

Level of perfect peace

Nirvana

Epic poem

Bhagavad Gita

Ancient Indus River valley city

Harappa

Powerful priests

Brahmins

Ancient Indus River valley cities based their protection around

Citadels

The ultimate goal of Hindus was to

reach Nirvana

Right Action is

part of the Eightfold Path

Indian physicians saved lives through the use of

inoculation

The Indian subcontinent is separated from the rest of Asia by the

Khyber Pass

Pariahs were

outside the caste system

More people became Buddhists after

Asoka's conversion

The Buddha taught that the way to salvation was

a life of selflessness

Stupas were

temples that housed objects associated with Buddha

Chandragupta Maurya ruled by

establishing a rigid bureaucracy

The teachings of the Upanishads were passed along in the form of

Epics

Mahayana Buddhists viewed the Buddha as a(n)

savior

Siddhartha Gautama became known as

the Buddha

One reason the Guptas lost power was because they

let local leaders become too powerful

During the Vedic Age, the military leader, lawmaker, and judge of a settlement was the

raja

The Indo-Aryan people's effect on southern India was

Minimal

Why did the Indo-Aryan people have little effect on southern India

It was geographically isolated from the rest of India

The time when the Indo-Aryans came to norther India is known as the

Vedic Age

Why did the Indo-Aryans come to India?

The were attracted by fertile lands

The thinkers of the Vedanta

questioned the powers of the Brahmins

How did the thinkers of the Vedanta pass on their teachings?

Through the Upanishads

Asoka's policies included

religious tolerance

How did Asoka express his views in his kingdom?

He had them carved on pillars placed in public places

Like the Hindus, Buddha also taught a belief in

reincarnation

How did Buddha's teachings differ from the Hindu's teachings?

Buddha taught that all could achieve nirvana

Siva the Destroyer is

a form of Brahman

Why is Hinduism not polytheistic?

because all forms of Brahman are part of one force - Brahman

India's rainy season occurs because of

the southwest monsoon

What are the temperatures like in India?

Mild to very hot

The most powerful people in the Indo-Aryan community were the

Brahmins

How did the Brahmins gain power?

They knew how to perform the religious ceremonies

During the Gupta period, women began to practice suttee, or

burning themselves along with their dead husbands

What does the practice of suttee say about the status of women in India?

Little value was placed on the lives of women

Atman is the

Individual essence of the Self

How does Atman relate to monism?

Monism is the unity of all things in one. Therefore, Atman (Self) is part of god

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