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adjudicate

to hear and decide judicially; to judge.

centennial

A one-hundredth anniverary or its celebration; of or pertaining to a period of one hundred years

countenance

a person's face; the expression on a person's face; support or approval; to support or approve' to tolerate

disgruntle

To make dissastisfied; to put in a bad mood

equilibrium

A state of balance

expedite

To speed up a process; to facilitate

gird

To encircle, bind, or surround.

gratuitous

not called for; unnecessary. Without charge; free

illusory

Unreal or imagined; deceiving

implacable

Incapable of being placated, soothed, or significantly changed; relentless.

luminary

A source of light, especially from the sky, such as the sun or moon; A person who is well known for her or his achievements; a celebrity

manifesto

A public statement explaining the intentions, motives, or views of an individual or group

mesmerize

To fascinate or hypnotize

precedent

An act or statement that may serve as an example or justification for a later one

spurious

Not genuine; false

aggregate

n. A group of things gathered in to a whole; sum total.
adj. Calculated by combining units or items.

allocate

v. 1. To set aside for a specific purpose; to allot.
2. To distribute according to a plan.

augur

v. 1. To predict future events, especially from omens.
2. To give promise of.

bastion

n. 1. A fortified area or position; a person, place, or thing that is a source of strength.
2. Something that is considered a stronghold.

decorum

n. Suitable, proper behavior or speech.

defunct

adj. No longer existing or functioning.

disarray

n. A lack of order; confusion.

halcyon

adj. Calm, peaceful, and happy; prosperous.

homily

n. A lecture, usually long, on how to behave morally.

hyperbole

n. Extravagant exaggeration.

importune

v. To plead for persistently.

jurisdiction

n. Legal authority to govern or control.

ruminate

v. To think over again and again to ponder.

temerity

n. Reckless boldness without regard to danger or opposition.

winnow

v. To separate and remove what is undesirable and leave what is desirable; to blow away the chaff from grain.

aura

n. A distinctive atmosphere or feeling that seems to surround someone or something; a distinctive appearance or impression.

banal

adj. Lacking freshness; trite.

bemuse

v. To confuse or bewilder.

cognizant

adj. Fully aware; taking notice.

conundrum

n. 1. A riddle whose answer is a play on words. 2. A puzzle or problem that is difficult or impossible to solve.

evanescent

adj. Short-lived; staying temporarily.

factotum

n. A helper or assistant with a wide range of duties and responsibilities.

grandiose

adj. 1. Impressive because of large size or scope. 2. characterized by the pretense of grandeur or absurd exaggeration.

induce

v. 1. To influence or persuade. 2. To bring about; to cause.

intransigent

adj. Refusing to compromise or change one's position on an issue.

laudatory

adj. Full of praise.

panache

n. Dash or flamboyance in style or action.

picayune

adj. Petty or insignificant; concerned with trifling matters.

predilection

n. An inclination; preference.

promontory

n. A high point of land that juts out into water.

asperity

Sharpness or harshness of manner; roughness of surface; unevenness

bane

A person or thing that destroys or causes harm; causing destruction or ruin

buffoon

A person who often attempts to be funny; a clown; a fool

doleful

Mournful of full of sorrow; causing grief

extrovert

A person whose attention is focused on other and on what is going on around her or him, rather than on her or his own feelings

garish

Excessively bright and flashy; tastelessly glaring

hierarchy

A group or system in which positions of power are ranked, usually from lowest to highest

imbue

To fill completely with a feeling or idea; to inspire

instigate

To stir up or urge on; to provoke

penchant

A strong attraction or leaning

rambunctious

Behaving in a wild and unruly manner

repertoire

The list of pieces an actor, musician, etc., is ready to perform; the skills or accomplishments of a person or group

rudiment

A basic principle or skill. An undeveloped or beginning stage

undermine

To weaken or ruin by degrees. To attack by indirect, secret, or underhanded means.

unremitting

Not stopping or slowing down; constant

accolade

an expression of approval or respect for special merit; an award

adamant

not yielding; firm

adulate

to flatter or admire excessively; to idolize

altercation

a loud and determined dispute; a noisy quarrel

annals

an historical record of events, often arranged in a yearly sequence

assiduous

diligent and persistent

chary

exercising caution; hesitant

clique

a small, exclusive group; a group held together by like interests or purpose

decrepit

worn-out with use; broken-down

endow

to provide with a quality, a thing, or a gift of money

ephemeral

lasting a very short time

ingratiate

to work to gain the favor of someone

pantheon

a group of people held in high esteem for their great achievements

perverse

turned away from what is right; wicked; stubbornly opposing what is right or reasonable; obstinate

tutelage

instruction, protection, or guardianship

abominate

v. To hate or loathe intensely. 2. Disagreeable and unpleasant.

abridge

v. To shorten in duration or extent; to diminish.

animosity

n. Intense ill will.

auspicious

adj. Favorable, promising.

beleaguer

v. I. To besiege; to surround with an army. 2. To surround with troubles; to harass.

confidant

n. A person to whom secrets are told.

constituent

n. 1. One of the parts that make up a whole. 2. A voter represented by a particular official.

iniquitous

adj. Unjust; wicked.

inure

v. to adjust to and accept unpleasant or undesirable conditions.

inveigh

v. (used with against) To complain or protest strongly.

predecessor

n. A person or thing that has held a position or office before another.

sabotage

n. Acts that intentionally damage, hinder, or seek to discredit. v. To engage in intentionally damaging acts.

sadistic

adj. Taking pleasure in causing pain.

scathing

adj. Harshly critical.

transpire

v. 1. To become apparent; to come to light. 2. To happen or occur.

Cautionary

adj. offering or serving as a warning.

Constrain

v. to confine, inhibit, or hold back by force or necessity. n. a restriction or limitation.

Flotilla

n. a fleet of boats or small ships.

Gossamer

n. thin, sheer fabric resembling gauze. adj. as light and delicate as a cobweb.

Ignominious

adj. marked by, deserving, or causing shame or disgrace.

Incur

v. to bring upon onself something undesirable, such as a debt.

Liquidate

v. to settle the affairs of a business; to convert into cash.

Magnate

n. an important, often wealthy, person prominent in a large industry or business.

Misnomer

n. a name that does not fit.

Onerous

adj. burdensome; oppressive.

Pandemonium

n. a state of place of great confusion or uproar.

Quixotic

adj. romantic and idealistic, but impractical.

Tenacious

adj. holding fast; persistent in adhering to something valued or habitual.

Vestige

n. a trace of something that once was present.

Zephyr

n. a light, gentle breeze.

aberration

a departure from the norm or what is considered right, natural, or normal, a flaw or defect. the failure of a mirror or lens to reproduce and image in focus

antiquated

grown old; out-of-date

celestial

of or to relating to the sky or heavens; heavenly

certitude

the state of being certain of the truth or rightness of something

disburse

to distribute something or pay out money, espically from a public or other fund

galaxy

a vast cluster of stars; a group of brilliant or notable people

intractable

hard to manage, tame, or control; stubborn; not easily cured

juncture

a joining together; the point at which two things are joined; a point in time made criticl by the timing of the circumstances

juxtapose

to place side by side

maelstrom

a large and violent whirlpool or something resembling a whirlpool; a place or state of great turmoil or confusion

optimum

best or most favorable

pillory

to expose to public scorn or contempt

proliferate

to grow, expand or multiply at a rapid rate

remiss

negligent; careless; lax

titanic

marked by great strength, size, or influence

Attest

v. To declare or be evidence of something as true, genuine, or accurate.

Axiom

n. A statement or principle that requires no proof because its truth is obvious.

Churlish

adj. Lacking good manners; rude, impolite.

Concoct

v. To make up, prepare, or invent.

Derivative

n. Something that grows out of or results from an earliear form or condition OR adj. Based on what has gone before; lacking originality.

Differentiate

v. 1. To see the difference; to distinguish. 2. To be or make different.

Disparage

v. To criticize in a negative, disrespectful manner.

Dissipate

v. 1. To break up and spread out so thinly as to disappear; to scatter or be scattered. 2. To spend or use foolishly.

Esoteric

adj. Not generally known or understood; familiar to only a relatively small number of people.

Olfactory

adj. Relating to the sense of smell.

Plethora

n. Too great a number; an excess.

Refurbish

v. To make like new; to renovate.

Secrete

v. 1. To produce and give off. 2. To place so as to be hidden from view; to conceal.

Vagary

n. (usually plural) A departure from the normal, expected course; a whim or unpredictable action.

Volatile

adj. 1. Evaporating quickly. 2. Changing readily; explosive; unpredictable.

adjunct

something or someone joined or added to something else but not essentially a part of it

belie

to give a false impression of, to contradict

carnage

great destrcution of life; slaughter

dilemma

a problem that seems to have no satisfactory solution; a difficult choice

diverse

differing from one anotehr; having various or distinct parts

eradicate

to get rid of; to uproot

flout

to ignore in a disrespectful or scornful way

foment

to stir up; to rouse; to instigate

insurrection

an open revolt against legal authory; a rebellion

mandatory

ordered by an authority; required

mitigate

make or become less serious or severe; to ameliorate

pretext

an effort to conceal the real intention or state of affairs; an excuse

singular

denoting a single person or thing, contrasted to more than one.

somnolent

tending to cause sleepiness; drowsy

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