HIM135 Ch2 Key Terms

24 terms by magpienight

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Diseases in a Flash! by Sharon Eagle

Aerobe

Mircoorganism that needs oxygen to grow

Anaerobe

Microorganism that grows without oxygen

Asymptomatic

Free of symptoms,

Bacterium

One-celled organism; some bacteria are capable of producing disease

Disease

Any condition characterized by subjective complaints, a specific history, clinical signs, symptoms, and laboratory radiographic findings

Etiology

Cause

Fomite

Any object that adheres to and transmits infectious material (e.g., comb, countertop, drinking glass)

Fungus

Organism such as yeast, mold, or mushroom; most are not pathogenic

Homeostasis

State of equilibrium in the body

Idiopathic

Having unknown or uncertain cause

Incubation

Interval between exposure of the symptoms and the appearance of the first symptoms

Infectious disease

Any disease transmitted directly or indirectly between individuals; also called 'communicable disease'

Microorganism

Living organism too small to be seen by the naked eye

Normal flora

Organisms commonly found on and in the body that do not cause disease

Nosocomial

Acquired within the hospital

Palliative care

Medical care aimed at alleviating disease symptoms and enhancing quality of life

Parasite

Pathogen requiring another living organism to live

Pathogen

Disease-producing microorganism

Pathologist

One who is devoted to the study of human tissues, cells and bodily fluids for evidence of disease

Prodromal

Occurring between earliest symptoms and the appearance of rash or fever

Protozoan

Organism; most protozoans live in the soil, some are capable of producing disease

Symptomatic

Having symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, nausea, and vomiting

Vector

Carrier, usually an insect, that transmits a disease from an infected person to a noninfected person

Virus

Pathogen which grows and reproduces after infecting an host cell

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