Religion Final Exam

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14 terms

Jihad

a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal

Muhammad

the Arab prophet who founded Islam

Mecca

the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace

The Koran

the holy book of Islam

Suffis

a mystical muslim group that believed they could draw closer to god through prayer, fasting, and a simple life

Sunnis

Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries.

Shites

people who only want Muhammad's descendants as ruler

Shar'ia Law

Islamic Law; Moral code of religious law of Islam
From the precepts set forth by Quran and the example set by the prophet Muhammad in the Sunna

Allah

Muslim name for the one and only God

Mosque

(Islam) a Muslim place of worship

Ramadan

(Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan (9th month)

Prophet

tells forth the will and council of God

Ethics

motivation based on ideas of right and wrong

Cult

an organized group of people with an obsessive devotion to a person or set of principles

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