the study of geography by visiting places and observing the people that live there and how they react with the changes there.
one of the two major divisions of Geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes.
the expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact; transcend state boundaries and have outcomes that vary across places and scales
One of the two major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and topography.
pertaining to space on the Earth's surface; sometimes used as a synonym for geographic.
physical location of geographic phenomena across space.
the design of a spatial distribution (e.g. scattered or concentrated)
the study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a geographical perspective; among other things, ______ _______ looks at sources, diffusion routes, and distributions of diseases
an outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide
regional outbreak of a disease
observing variations in geographic phenomena across space
Location, Human-environment, Region, Place, and Movement
the geographical situation of people and things
a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of an economic activity and the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated
reciprocal relationship between humans and environment
an area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon
uniqueness of a location
sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion byremembering important events that occurred in the that place or by labeling a place with a certain character
perception of place
belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories or pictures
the mobility of people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet
a condition that exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other's demands
measurement of the physical space between two places
the degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations; __________ varies from place to place and can be measured
the degree of direct likage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network
the overall appearance of an area; most are comprised of a combination of natural and human-induced influences
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape; the layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
the art and science of making maps, including data compiliation, layout and design; also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns
maps , maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude
maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon
The position of place of a certian item on the surface of the Earth as expresed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude, 0° to 90° north or south of the equator, and longitude, 0° to 180° east or west of the Prime Meridian passing through Greenwich, England
global positioning system (GPS)
a system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers
a hunt for a cache, the global positioning system coordinates which are placed on the internet by other geocachers
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that space
the space within which daily activity occurs
A general map depicting a certain piece of info. such as precipitation.
A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
geographic information system
a collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user
Involvement of players at other scales to generate support for a position or an initiative
a type of region marked by a certain degree of homogenity in one or more phenomena; also called uniform region or homogeneous region
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity
The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of culture traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
a trait that many cultural hearths that develop independent of each other
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person - analogous to the communication of a contagious illness.
A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples.
a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones.
Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions.
The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. Also referred to as environmentalism.
Line on a map connecting points of equal temperature values.
Geographic viewpoint-a response to determinism-that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the crucial factor in cultural development. Nonetheless, possibilists view the environment as providing a set of broad constraints that limits the possibilities of human choice.
The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.
An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas, or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in the particular culture.
The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.