15. DIT day 10 Repro I

60 terms by francyface 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

What are the layers of the endometrium?

Stratum basalis
stratum spongiosum
stratum compactum

Which layers of the endometrium are shed during menstruation?

Stratum spongiosum
stratum compactum

When does the basal body temperature increase occur in relation to ovulation?

24 hours after ovulation when progesterone increases

What uterine pathology is a/w excess unopposed estrogen is the main risk factor?

endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma

What uterine pathology is a/w menorrhagia with an enlarged uterus and no pelvic pain?

Leiomyoma

What uterine pathology is a/w pelvic pain that is present only during menstruation?

Endometriosis

What uterine pathology is a/w dx by endometrial biopsy in the clinic?

Endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma

What uterine pathology is a/w definitive diagnosis and treatment by laproscopy?

Endometriosis

What uterine pathology is a/w menstruating tissue within the myometrium?

Adenomyosis

What uterine pathology is a/w malignant tumor of the uterine smooth muscle?

Leiomyosarcoma

What uterine pathology is a/w most common gynecologic malignancy?

Endometrial carcinoma

What ovarian tumor is a/w production of AFP?

Yolk Sac Tumor

What ovarian tumor is a/w estrogen secretion causing precocious puberty?

Granulosa Cell Tumor

What ovarian tumor is a/w intraperitoneal accumulation of mucinous material?

Mucinous Cystadenocarcinoma

What ovarian tumor is a/w testosterone secretion causing virilization?

Serotoli Leydig Cell Tumor

What ovarian tumor is a/w Psammoma Bodies?

Serous Cystadenocarcinoma

What ovarian tumor is a/w multiple different tissue types?

Teratoma

What ovarian tumor is a/w a lining that is fallopian-tube like epithelium?

Serous cystadenoma

What ovarian tumor is a/w ovarian tumor + ascites + pleural effusions?

Fibromas

What ovarian tumor is a/w Call-Exner bodies?

Granulosa Cell Tumor

What ovarian tumor is a/w resembling of a bladder epithelium?

Brenner Tumor

What ovarian tumor is a/w elevated beta hCG?

Dysergiminoma
Choriocarcinoma

An obese woman presents with amenorrhea and increased levels of serum testosterone; what is the dx?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

A pt with polycystic ovarian disease is most at risk to developing what cancer?

Endometrial

Why is progesterone given in combo with estrogen replacement?

Decrease risk of endometrial cancer

A pregnant woman with a previous c-section is at increased risk for what?

Scarring can lead to a placenta previa or accreta

Pregnant woman at 16 weeks gestation presents with atypically large abdomen and HTN; what abnormality may be seen on blood test and the disorder?

beta hCG in a molar pregnancy

A 23 yo female on Rifampin for TB prophylaxis and on birth control (estrogen) gets pregnant, why?

Rifampin increases CP-450 causing an increased metabolism of estrogen leading to less effective birth control.

Best option for birth control in a mentally retarded patient?

IM Medroxyprogesterone

What is abruptio placentae?

Painful bleeding in 3rd trimester due to abrupt detachment leading to fetal death.
A/w DIC; smoking; cocaine; HTN; spousal abuse

What is Placenta accreta?

Massive bleeding after delivery; no separation of placenta after birth.
Defective decidual layer allows placenta to attach to myometrium.
A/w prior c section

What is placenta previa?

Painless bleeding in any trimester.
Attachment of placenta to lower uterine segment.
May occlude internal os
a/w prio c section

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

Earliest complication.
Pain with or without bleeding.
Most often in fallopian tubes.
Suspect in increased hCG and sudden lower abdominal pain; mistaken for appendicitis.

Most common breast tumor in women under 25?

Fibroadenoma

Most common breast tumor in postmenopausal women?

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

Most common breast tumor in premenopausal women?

Fibrocystic Change of Breast

Most common form of breast cancer?

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

What breast pathology is a/w small, mobile, firm mass with sharp edges in a 24 yo woman?

Fibroadenoma

What breast pathology is a/w leaf like projections histologically?

Phyllodes Tumor

What breast pathology is a/w signet ring cells?

Lobular Carcinoma in situ
Invasive lobular cancer

What breast pathology is a/w the loss of e-cadherin cell adhesion gene on chromosome 16?

Invasive lobular carcinoma

What breast pathology is a/w ER(+) and PR(+)?

Lobular Carcinoma in situ

What breast pathology presents with nipple discharge?

Intraductal Papilloma

What breast pathology is a/w eczematous patches on the nipple?

Paget's disease

What breast pathology is a/w multiple bacterial fluid filled lesions with diffuse breast pain?

Fibrocystic changes of breast

What breast pathology is a/w a firm, fibrous mass in a 55 yo woman?

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

A 58 yo postmenopausal woman is on Tamoxifen; what is she at increased risk of acquiring?

Endometrial Carcinoma

What is the two-cell theory of estradiol production?

Theca Cells make androstenedione stimulated by LH
Granulosa cells make estradiol from androstenedione stimulated by FSH

What are the target cells of LH?

Leydig Cells
Theca Cells

What are the target cells of FSH?

Sertoli Cells
Granulosa Cells

Production of thick mucus that inhibits entry of sperm into uterus, progesterone or estrogen?

Progesterone

Induces LH surge, progesterone or estrogen?

Estrogen

Uterine smooth muscle relaxaition, progesterone or estrogen?

Progesterone

Follicle growth, progesterone or estrogen?

Estrogen

Maintenance of pregnancy, progesterone or estrogen?

Progesterone

Hepatic synthesis of transport proteins, progesterone or estrogen?

Estrogen

Withdrawal leads to menstruation, progesterone or estrogen?

Progesterone

Drug to inhibit prolactin secretion?

Bromocriptine

When does beta hCG appear in urine during pregnancy?

2 weeks post conception
4 weeks after last menstrual period

What hormonal changes are seen during menopause?

Decreased estrogen leading to Increased FSH, LH, and GnRH

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set