Samuel tells Saul that his kingship will not last long. What was Saul's mistake? (1 Sam 13:5-14)
He offered the burnt offering before Samuel came
In what way(s) are the Philistines technologically superior to the Israelites?
The Iron Age has come for the Philistines
Who initiates the battle that eventually routs the Philistines? In this battle, does Saul play a helpful or unhelpful role?
Jonathan; Saul plays an unhelpful role
Samuel tells Saul on a second occasion that his kingship will not last long. What was Saul's mistake? (1 Sam 15)
He does not destroy the Amalekites as instructed; he saves some to offer as sacrifices to the Lord
How does Samuel's anointing of David, the youngest brother, remind the reader of stories in Genesis?
Abraham establishes his covenant with Isaac who was younger than Ishmael
What is the reason that David is first introduced into Saul's court?
God chose him; God judged him based on his heart
Why do many scholars believe that the story of David and Goliath is now much longer than when it was first written?
The Septuagint and the Masoretic text do not line up; the Masoretic text is longer
Why is David at the battlefield when he hears Goliath's challenge for the first time?
He was with Saul to play the harp
What experience in combat does David claim has prepared him for battle with the Philistine?
A lion came and took a lamb, but David hit it and it died
How does Saul hope to kill David by offering him marriage to his daughter Michal?
Being heir to the throne makes David a prime target
How does Saul's daughter, Michal, assist her husband, David, to escape her father's murderous plot?
She helps him sneak out then lies that he is sick and puts an idol in place of his body in his bed
What does the priest give to David to help David on his way with his "secret mission" that Saul assigned him? Is David being honest with the priest?
consecrated bread and the sword of Goliath; no
When the Philistines recognize David, how does David escape from them?
David fakes insanity
Where does David send his parents to live in order to keep them safe?
What does Doeg the Edomite do that Israelites around Saul won't do?
destroy the priests of Nob
How does Abigail prevent a blood bath?
She takes the blame
David has opportunities to kill Saul and take over his throne. But when given the opportunity, what reason(s) does he give for refusing to take the throne by force?
He cannot kill one of God's anointed without guilt; he says that if God wants it to happen, God will make it happen
Who is Achish and what is his working relationship to David?
Son of Maoch, Philistine king of Gath, reigned during the time of Saul and David; David lived with him while trying to escape Saul
How does Saul try to find out about the outcome of the battle with the Philistines?
he asks the Lord but he does not answer, then he finds a woman who is a fortune teller
What are the two ways in which Saul is reported to have died?
He killed himself with a sword; An Amelekite killed him because Saul asks him to
How did David react to the news about Saul's death?
Mourning, fasting, he has the Amelekite killed that says he killed Saul
Who is David's rival and what is his claim to the throne? Which of the two contenders do you think an everyday, average Israelites would have seen as having the most legitimate claim?
Abner, Saul's cousin; Abner, because of his relationship to Saul would have been seen as having a legitimate claim
Why does Saul's son appear in the Bible with two different names, Ishbosheth and Ishbaal? Which one is his real name?
Ishbosheth means "man of shame" - Ishbaal is his real name
Who is David's general? Who is Ishbaal's general?
With what offense does Ishbaal charge Abner? In the ancient Near East, how might Abner's actions have been interpreted? What does Abner do as a result of this accusation?
Sleeping with Saul's former concubine Rizpah; it was seen as a challenge to his kingship; he gives Israel to David
What are the three reasons that Joab harbors a severe distrust/dislike of Abner?
he thinks Abner is a double-agent for Ishbosheth; Abner killed Joab's brother; Abner had military experience and might take Joab's place as David's chief military assistant
What do Rechab and Baanah do that does not please David? What happens to them?
They killed Ish-bosheth and brought back his head; David has them killed, cuts off their hands and feet
When David conquers Jebus, or Jerusalem, what does he rename it?
"city of David"
What did Uzzah do that led to his premature death?
He grabbed of the Ark of the covenant of God
When David is satisfied with the house that he has built for himself, whose house does he think of next? Who will build this house?
God's; David's descendant will build the house
What was found during the renovation of the temple?
The book of the law
Who is Huldah? What does she say?
Prophetess; The lord is angry that they were idolizing and he will bring evil on the place
Name three things that Josiah35 does in chapter 23 as part of his reform.
Removed idols and abominations; removed idolatrous priests; tore down the ritual booths; [He defiled Topheth . . . he removed the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun . . . he burned the chariots of the sun . . . the king broke down and pulverized . . . he broke in pieces the sacred pillars]
How does Josiah35 die and who kills him? From a theological point of view, why is his death "unexpected"?
When Pharaoh Neco met Josiah at Megiddo, he killed him; unexpected because the most righteous king dies a shameful death
How are Josiah35, Jehoahaz36, Jehoiakim37, Jehoiachin38, and Zedekiah39 related?
Josiah father of Jehoahaz father of Jehoiakim father of Jehoiachin father of Zedekiah
Which of the aforementioned kings—also mentioned in the final verses of 2 Kings—is exiled to Babylon but leads a relatively nice life there?
What happened to Zedekiah39 and his family?
His sons were executed right in front of him then the King of Babylon gouged out his eyes
Who is the Persian king that both conquered Babylon and allowed the Jews in exile to return to their native land?
Who is Zerubbabel and why is his genealogy important?
Grandson of Jehoiachin; he is the last member of the Davidic covenant mentioned in the Bible apart from genealogies
Who is Jeshua? What is his (working) relationship to Zerubbabel?
High priest; co-leaders (Zerubabel representing religious leadership and Jeshua political leadership)
Why is the laying of the temple foundation a bittersweet moment?
The older generation was weeping because the older temple was magnificent in their eyes
After the foundation is laid, which group of people work to undermine the temple's construction?
Who is Ezra? When does he live? His genealogy is traced back to which famous person?
A scribe from Babylon skilled in the law of Moses; Seraiah the high priest
What Persian king invests a great deal of authority in Ezra as Ezra departs for Jerusalem?