World Cultures

29 terms by thalsanxx 

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prehistory

the long period of time before people invented writing

artifacts

objects made by humans which historians used to learn details of the past

culture

the way of life of a society, which includes its beliefs, values, and practices

anthropology

the study of the origins and development of people and their societies

archaeology

the study of past people and cultures through their material remains.

nomads

people who move from place to place to find food

fertile crescent

a region of the Middle East named for its rich soils and golden wheat fields

mesopotamia

the area of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, also means "between the rivers"

sumer

the world's first civilization developed in southeastern mesopotamia

hierarchy

system of ranking groups from high class to middle and the lowest class based on wealth

ziggurat

a large, stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city's chief god or goddess

cuneiform

the earliest known writing invented by the sumerians

acropolis

high city, with is great marble temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses

shrine

areas dedicated to the honors of gods and goddesses

fresco

watercolor paintings done on wet plaster

polis

city-state, idea by the greeks to govern each

strait

a narrow water passages that connect seas

homer

a blind poet who wandered from village to village, singing of heroic deeds

etruscans

greek colonists whose city sates dotted southern italy who lived mostly north of rome

republic

a form of government that would not allow an individual to gain too much power

patrician

members of the land-holding upper class

consul

supervised the business and government and command the armies

dictator

ruler who had complete control over a government

plebeian

farmers, merchants, artisans who made up most of the population

feudalism

loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords

vassal

pledged service and loyalty to the lord

feudal contract

powerful lord granted his vassal a fief or estate

common law

a legal system based on custom and court rulings

jury

group of men sworn to tell the truth

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