philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason, later became Socratic method. condemed to death for corrupting young minds.
one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Plato explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
Chalden king of Babylon from 605-562 BC; he rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city noted for its famed hanging gardens
Darius's son and successor who set out with a huge invasionary force consisting of the Persian army, contingents from all the peoples of the empire, and a large fleet of ships drawn from maritime subjects, descending into central and southern Greece. Demanded tokens of submission from Greek states.
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
a large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
Greek historian famous for writing "History of Peloponnesian War", he emphasized the importance of power politics so that it could be used as a guide to create leaders.
the 207 years of peace in the Roman Empire were known as this.
Ancient Roman Emperor who succeeded his father, Marcus Aurelius, and began the decline of the Roman Empire.
Carthaginian military commander who, in the Second Punic War, attempted a surprise attack on Rome, crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
A definite community of Catholics within a diocese, established by the bishop and entrusted to the care of a pastor.
Greek-speaking people who lived in Greece's northern mountains,moved south. Many lived in Peloponnesus. They brought iron weapons,giving Greece an advance in technology.
paintings made on wet plaster walls
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
first female pharaoh; ruled for 22 years instead of her stepson [Tutmose III], expanded Egypt and its trade; built temples and other projects to help economy
the delian league
Military and financial alliance among Greek poleis against Persian threat; When Persian threat subsided, poleis, other than Ahens, no longer wanted to make contributions
A member of one of the noble families of the ancient Roman Republic, which before the third century B.C. had exclusive rights to the Senate and the magistracies.
a provincial governor of consular rank in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire
12 followers of Jesus
"Founder of Medicine" During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.
the selling of official positions in the medieval roman catholic church
pieces of land, instead of money given to knights for their military service
a person who lived on and farmed a lords land in feudal times
known as greatest pharaoh ever, ruled for 67 years, created treaty with Hittites (first treaty in history), establish ownership borders of Isreal, largest tomb, ruled while Jews were there
The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church
Called First Crusade in 1095; appealed to Christians to mount military assault to free the Holy Land from the Muslims.
the polis is a city. a city of peoplle who worship their ancestors and are guarded by a fortress called an acroplis
group of people who moved into the Nile Delta around 1640 brought egypt to the bronze age.