The End War in Western Europe & Holocaust

Created by muaaahh 

Upgrade to
remove ads

52 terms

Japanese Internment

Japanese-Americans who were considered a threat to be traitors, sent off (by law) to camps

Manzanar

Japanese internment camps in California

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 by Roosevelt to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II.

Albert Einstein

under the OSRD & created penecillin, the miracle drug , ddt, & pesticides.

Robert Oppenheimer

United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos, Mexico that developed the first atomic bomb.

OSRD

Office of Scientific Research and Development; made improvements in sonar and radar, along with pesticides and penicillin. Worked on the Manhattan Project.

Navajo Code Talkers

Native Americans from the Navajo tribe that used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not understand due to the rapid speaking.

WAAC

Women's Auxiliary Army Corps. Women volunteering for the army would not be given the same rank, pay, or benefits as men who were doing the same thing as them.

Oveta Culp Hobby

Director of the Women's Army Corps during World War II; she held the rank of colonel and later became the second woman cabinet member, serving as secretary of health, education, and welfare.

Rationing

distributing goods to consumers in a fixed amount

Japanese Aggression

Japan took over Churlia & then attacked china and was called raped of manjin; US set up an embargo

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II.

Dec 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor was Attacked

Genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Battle of Stalingrad

Soviet and German armies fought over the the rich oil field. Soviets came out victorious.

Operation Torch

Allied invasion of North Africa; September 1942-1943

General Eisenhower

American general who commanded operation torch

General Erwin Rommel

legendary desert fox; led the Afrika Korps.

Bloody Anzio

1944. allied attack on Sicily, launched attack from northern Africa, aided by 50,000 Italian peasants, Hitler is the only enemy left to defeat in Europe.

D-Day

June 6 1944, Normandy, France, Allied invasion of Western Europe; Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.

Omaha and utah

US attack these places

Sword, Juno, Gold Beaches

Britain and Canada attack these shores

June 6, 1944

Date of the allied invasion on the beaches of Normandy

Operation Overlord

the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day

Atlantic wall

concrete fortification used as a barrier to protect Germans

Hedge Hog

prevent vehicles from coming ashore

Higgensboats

soldiers came off these pick-up truck boats

Aachen

the first city the allies took from Hitler; city in western Germany near the Dutch and Belgian borders, Capital of Charlemagned's empire, a city in present day Germany

Battle of Bulge

WWII battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west

V-E day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

May 8, 1945

Germans surrendered

Yalta Conference

FDR, Churchill and Stalin met. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War

Utah

paratroops were scattered and the Germans couldn't react quick

yoshikawa

Japanese spy at Pearl Harbor

hideki tojo

Prime minister of Japan during World War II

2 waves

primary and secondary

USS Arizona

sank in 9 minutes with 1177 crew aboard; stands as the memorial to Pearl Harbor

pearl harbor movie

Attack ordered by Hideki Tojo to destroy the American fleet. Did much damage, but did not destroy the fleet. America then declared war on Japan

aryan

Master race

star of david

symbol of the Jewish religion

kristallnacht

Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish property

ghetto

where the Jewish people were forced to live

concentration camp

a situation characterized by crowding and extremely harsh conditions

extermination camp

a camp where prisoners were sent to be executed

SS

multi-ethnic military force of the 3rd reich

Dacahu

one of the most brutal concentration camps in which the Jews were severely persecuted by the Nazi Party

auschwitz

largest camp

madjanek

first camp liberated by the soviets

liberation

freedom

boy in the stripped pajamas

little boy becomes friends with a Jew in a concentration camp

general omar bradley

US general; led breakout from beaches into occupied France after D-Day

bastogne

city around which the battle of the bulge was fought

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set