(1823) President James Monroe's declaration to Congress on December 2, 1832, that the American continents would be thenceforth closed to European colonization, and that the United States would not interfere in European affairs.
(1863) 50% of the South needs to swear an oath to the union to become part of their country again.
(1863) 10% of the southern population needs to swear an oath to the union after the civil war to become part of the country again
(1865) Constitutional amendment adopted in 1865 that irrevocably abolished slavery throughout the U.S.
(1868) Guaranteed rights of citizenships to former slaves, in words similar to those of the Civil Rights Act of 1866
(1870) Constitutional amendment ratified in 1870, which prohibited states from discriminating in voting privileges on the basis of race
Jim Crow Laws
(1876) State and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated du jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former confederacy, with a supposedly "separate but equal" status for black Americans
Compromise of 1877
(1877) Deal made by a Republican and Democratic Special congressional commission to resolve the disputed presidential election of 1876. Republican Rutherford B. Hayes who had lost the popular vote, was declared the winner in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from involvement in politics in the South, marking the end of Reconstruction
May 4, 1876 - Violence during an anarchist protest at Haymarket Square in Chicago on May 4, 1886; the deaths of eight, including seven policemen, led to the trial of eight anarchist leaders for conspiracy to commit murder
Law passed in 1887 meant to encourage adoption of white norms among Indians; broke up tribal holdings into small farms for Indian families, with the remainder sold to white purchasers
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
(1890) First law to restrict monopolistic trusts and business combinations; extended by the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914
Plessy v. Ferguson
(1896) U.S. Supreme Court decision supporting the legality of Jim Crow laws that permitted or required "separate but equal" facilities for blacks and whites.
1897 (1839-1937) was an American industrialist and philanthropist. He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust.
April - September 1898
(1898) Cuba wanted independence from spain, so Spain tightened their rule and said no. Cuba began to rebel, America intervenes, America wins
White Man's Burden
(1899) A poem by the English poet Rudyard Kipling. The poem referred to American imperialism and the phrase "white man's burden" that justified it as a noble enterprise.
Annexation of Philippines
(1899-1901) U.S. destroyed Spanish fleet in the Philippines, and the US barely for a scratch.
(1901) Was in the steel industry and used vertical integration to combine all of the raw materials
Liberty of Contract
(1909) if contracts were agreed upon by the workers and the company, then the government or the unions could not interfere
(1910-1970) Large scale migration of southern blacks after World War I to the north, where jobs had become available during the labor shortage of the war years