H US History I Final

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old questioins from tests and quizzes

One of the first lessons learned by the Jeffersonians after their vicotry in the 1800 presidential election was

that it is difficult to carry out campaign promises consistently when in office

Though Jefferson won the popular and electoral vote, a strange deadlock led to the election being decided

in the House of Representatives

Jefferson's "Revolution of 1800" was most remarkable because it

marked the peaceful and orderly transfer of power on the basis of election results accepted by all parties

As president, Jefferson learned that many of the political principles he had promoted

had to be reversed under the pressure of political realities

Upon becoming president, Jefferson and the Republicans in Congress immediately repealed

the excise tax on whiskey

When it came to the major Federalist economic programs, Jefferson as president

left practically all of them intact

Jefferson believed his mission as president did NOT include

supporting the establishment of a strong army and navy

Jefferson distrusted large proffesional armies because they

could be used to establish a dictatorship

As chief Justice of the U.S. John Marshall helped to ensure that

the political and economic systems were based on a strong central government

Many Jeffersonians were angered when President Adams in his final days in office made several personnel moves which were called

midnight judges

To what branch of government did Adams assign several people during his final days in office

Judiciary

What is judicial review

Supreme Court can deem any passed law as unconstitutional

On which piece of legislation did William Marbury base his lawsuit against Madison

Judiciary Act of 1789

On what grounds did the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court issue his ruling in the case of Marbury vs Madison

The judiciary branch should not have the power to tell any other branch to do their job

How did buying the Louisiana Purchase conflict with Jefferson's political philosophy

He was spending a lot of money and his strict construction view of the Constitution did not allow him to purchase foreign land

the case of Marbury vs Madison raised the question of who had the right to

declare an act of Congress unconsitutional

Jefferson sent 2 envoys to France in 1803 with the essential goal of

purchasing New Orleans to make it secure for American shippers

Lewis and Clark demonstrated the viability of

an overland trail to the Pacific

After the defeat at Tippecanoe, Tecumseh and his supporters

formed an alliance with the British against the Americans

Tecumseh argued that Indians should

never cede control of land to whites unless all Indians agreed

Tecumseh was killed in 1813 at the

Battle of the Thames

James Madison and the more moderate Republicans turned to war because

they believed it was the only way to restore confidence in America's national experiment with republicanism

To deal with British and French violations of American neutrality, Jefferson

pushed through an embargo on all American foreign trade

By 1810, the most insistent demand for a declaration of war against Britain came from

white frontierspeople from the West and South

During the War of 1812, the New England states

provided supplies and financial aid to the British cause

Seafaring New England opposed the War of 1812, but not because

they fared a Canadian invasion of New England

Future president who negotiated with and killed Indians

William Henry Harrison

2 politicians who had powerful influence in Congress and were called

Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun. they were called war hawks

The ______ felt that Jefferson's embargo was a deliberate attempt to weaken their economic well-being and considered it a political move

Federalists

After killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel, _____ engaged in a plot to seperate the U.S.

Aaron Burr

The most devastating defeat suffered by the Britsh in the War of 1812 was the

Battle of New Orleans

The Battle of New Orleans

provided American diplomats with a large bargaining chip at Ghent

The delegates at the Hartford Convention did not aim to achieve

a New England veto over all federal legislation

Henry Clay's call for federally funded roads and canals was referred to as

The American System

Democratic-Republicans opposed Clay's plan

because they believed it was unconstitutional

One of the major causes of the panic of 1819

was overspeculation in frontier lands

The result of the Missouri Compromise was

except for Missouri slavery was banned north but the issue of slavery expansion was not resolved

The guiding inspiration behind the Monroe Doctrine was

Secretary JQA's determination that America not be locked into British foreign policy

At the time it was issued, the Monroe Doctrine

was a mere presidential declaration incapable of being enforced by the United States

The essential policy of the Jackson adminastration toward Indian tribes was

forced removal to the west because whites wanted the Indians' land

The Panic of 1837 was not caused by

taking the country off the gold standard

Americans moved into Texas

from the South and Southwest under an agreement between Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin

The initial attempt to bring Texas into the Union was thwarted by

northern anitslavery forces

Showdown between Andrew Jackson and South Carolina declared the 1832 tariff null and threatened secession if the federal government tried to collect duties

Nullification Crisis

Irish immigrants that came to the U.S. in 1840s

were almost all Roman Catholic and stayed in cities because they were too poor to buy western land

Native-born Americans distrutsted the Irish

because they were Catholic, so the nativists organized the Order of the Star Spangled Banner

Slaves fought slavery but not by

conducting periodic successful slave rebellions

After 1830, southerners increasingly argued that

slavery was a positive good endorsed by the Bible

John Tyler joined the Whig party primarily

because he resented the dictatorial tactics of Jackson

In the 1840s, the view that God ordained the growth of the U.S. going across North America

was called Manifest Destiny

Arguement from Abraham Lincoln asking where U.S. troops had been shot that had started the Mexican War

"spot resolutions"

Northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds and were against the adding of Texas as a slave state and the Mexican War

Conscience Whigs

The largest single addition to American territory in American history was

the Mexican Cession

The Wilmot Provisio

said slavery would be banned in the Mexican Cession areas and stirred up the issue of slavery in territories

Early 19th century politicians refused to discuss

the subject of slavery

Popular sovereignty allowed

people in territories to vote if slavery would be allowed

People worried that the admission of California

would tip the balance of free and slave states on way or the other

Northern unionists called this man a traitor for his speech encouraging compromise

Daniel Webster

The Compromise of 1850 allowed slavery in Utah and New Mexico to be

decided by popular sovereignty

The Fugitive Slave Law

set high penalties for anyone who aided escaped slaves and compelled law enforcement to help track down slaves

James Buchanan won the election of 1856

because of threats by southerners to secede if a Republican was elected

"Bleeding Kansas" indicated the complete failure

of popular sovereignty in the territories

The Dred Scott decision ruled that

slaves were not citizens and Congress did not have the power to outlaw slavery in any territory

Lincoln's initial declaration that the North fought only to preserve the Union and not to abolish slavery was made

essentially to keep the Border States in the Union

The Confederacy

had to fight a defensive battle to win the war and had better generals but had to deal with a weak economy

The North

had a good economy but suffered from poor generals

The Confederacy believed that Britain would help them in the Civil War because

Britain was economically dependent on Southern cotton

Northern Democrats who were anitwar and proslavery and criticized Lincoln

Copperheads

Protests against unfair system of choosing usually poorer Northern men

draft riots

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