The chemical element found in all amino acids but not found in either carbohydrates or fats is
An essential amino acid ..
cannot be synthesized in the body in sufficient quantity to meet body needs
If a food does not contain the necessary amounts of a certain amino acid to meet a body need, that amino acid is referred to as a ..
limiting amino acid.
When protein consumption is in excess of body needs and energy needs are met, the excess amino acids are metabolized and the energy in the molecule is
stored as glycogen and/or fat.
Food proteins are used most efficiently when we
are consuming enough carbohydrates and fats to meet our kcalorie needs.
Edema appears when there is a severe lack of dietary protein because
blood protein levels fall and fluid shifts to the tissues.
If a person does not eat enough carbohydrate to supply the glucose the body needs, which of the following will happen
The liver will convert amino acids to glucose.
Water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins differ in which way?
Water-soluble vitamins are less likely to be toxic.
This vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida.
Vitamin D is unique among the vitamins because
it can be formed in the body by skin exposure to the sun
Vitamin E functions as a(n)In general, excess amounts of water-soluble vitamins are excreted via the
Minerals are classified in which way?
Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less.
Which of the following is true about mineral bioavailability?
Minerals from animal products are better absorbed than those from plants.
This mineral can be protective for the teeth when introduced into the water supply; however it can cause tooth mottling when consumed in high quantities.
The General Guidelines for daily alcohol intake are (less than) _______ drink per day for men and ________ for women.
Which statement best explains drug potentiation (magnified effect of drug) when one drinks excessively while on certain medicines?
Both the medicine and alcohol rely on the MEOS to detoxify them and MEOS can't do both.
Which of the following is true about ethanol after it has been ingested?
Alcohol acts as a toxin in our body and the liver does it's best to get rid of it
protein energy malnutrition - diet low in calories, proteins are used as a source of energy, leaving little of this nutrient to build and repair tissues and maintain immune function
a form of protein deficiency, most often seen in starving children, characterized by retarded growth and abdominal distention caused by liver enlargement